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Upperville in Fauquier County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Upperville

“Thus Passes a Sunday in War”

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Battle of Upperville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 19, 2008
1. Battle of Upperville Marker
Inscription. (Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.

In the fields around this intersection, the Battle of Upperville came to a bloody end. The fighting occurred here on the afternoon of Sunday, June 21, 1863. It concluded five days of cavalry engagements along a twelve-mile corridor - from Aldie to Upperville - of the Ashby's Gap Turnpike (present-day U.S. Rte. 50).

Here, along Trappe Road behind you, North Carolina cavalrymen under Gen. Beverly Robertson took positions behind stone walls lining the road. They covered the hurried retreat of the Southern cavalry westward to the safety of Ashby's Gap at the top of the Blue Ridge. As Robertson's men watched and waited, the 1st Maine Cavalry suddenly galloped into view from the village to drive the Confederates out. A volley from the North Carolinians
Close Up of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 19, 2008
2. Close Up of the Map
brought them up short. A confused, hand-to-hand fracas ensued where you stand, as the Maine men dismounted behind a stone wall north of the turnpike and fired into the Southern troops. At last, the 2nd New York and the 4th and 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry rode up and chased Robertson's men out of Upperville, and the battle was over.

In the last minutes of this fight, another of the many tragedies of war occurred. Col. Peter Evans, commanding the 5th North Carolina, ordered one final charge and spurred his horse toward Northerners swarming through this intersection, never having heard Robertson countermand his order. Only a handful of his men followed him before he went down mortally wounded.

Years later, a Union officer, reflecting on this bloody day, remarked, "Thus passes a Sunday in war."
 
Erected 2008 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 59.756′ N, 77° 53.471′ W. Marker is in Upperville, Virginia, in Fauquier County. Marker is at the intersection of John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) and Hill Road / Trappe Road (County Route 619), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway. Click for map. This marker was not yet
Two Markers Awaiting their Unveiling in Upperville image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
3. Two Markers Awaiting their Unveiling in Upperville
"unveiled" at the time of documentation. Marker is in this post office area: Upperville VA 20184, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lee Moves North Again (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Upperville (approx. one mile away); Upperville (approx. 1.1 miles away); Battle of Unison (approx. 1.1 miles away); Jackson’s Bivouac (approx. 3.2 miles away); Attack at Goose Creek Bridge (approx. 3.9 miles away); Mount Bleak Farm (approx. 4 miles away); Clark County / Fauquier County (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Upperville.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays a portrait of Col. Evans in the lower center next to an Alfred Waud drawing of a dismounted cavalry engagement. On the upper right is a map depicting the action described in the text.
 
Also see . . .  Civil War in Loudoun Valley. The Cavalry Battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville, June 1863, a National Park Service/CRGIS report. The battle of Upperville is broken down into three separate sections in item number six. (Submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Markers Now Open to the Public image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 19, 2008
4. Markers Now Open to the Public
Trappe Road Intersection image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 19, 2008
5. Trappe Road Intersection
Stone walls line some of the sides of Trappe Road at the intersection where Col. Evans led his final charge.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,189 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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