“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)

Two Armies Collide

Two Armies Collide Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
1. Two Armies Collide Marker
Photo at bottom right shows Cherokee men volunteered for Confederate military service at the beginning of the Civil War.
Inscription. Imagine 7,000 Confederate troops crowded in close order along Ford Road, the lane you see on the right edge of this field. As they trudged east toward Elkhorn Tavern, a small Union force of Iowa cavalrymen - only 600 men - unexpectedly appeared from the thick belt of trees you see on the left. Neither force expected to fight here.

Three Union cannon unlimbered and fired into the massive rebel formation. Within minutes, 3,000 cavalrymen from Texas and Arkansas turned off the road. With war whoops they swept over Wiley Foster's wheat field. The shattered Federals fled back through the trees.

...with a yell [we] rushed on amid grape and canister... with such irresistible force to the very mouth of the cannon...and in five minutes [the Yankees] were in utter confusion completely routed running in every direction and leaving their cannon in our possession.
James C. Bates, lieutenant, 9th Texas Cavalry, Company H

Albert Power was 19 years old when he fought here as part of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry Regiment. Years later he received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his valor here at Foster's Farm. No photo of him is known to exist. He survived the war, returned to Iowa, and lived to age 80.

Divided Loyalties in the Indian Nations
Two regiments of Cherokee riflemen took part in the Confederate
Two Armies Collide Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
2. Two Armies Collide Marker
charge that captured Union cannon and drove back the Iowa cavalry on this field. Four months later some of these same Cherokee changed sides to fight for the Union.

When the American nation was torn asunder in 1861, so were the Five Civilized Nations - tribes that had been removed from their homelands in the southeastern states and resettled in the Indian Territory in the 1830s. Chickasaws and Choctaws quickly chose to ally with the Confederacy. Among Creeks, Seminoles, and Cherokees, loyalties were fiercely divided, especially after the federal government abandoned army posts and stopped treaty payments.
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 36° 27.231′ N, 94° 3.021′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Marker is on Military Park Road (County Road 65), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop five on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Long, Cold Hungry March (approx. 0.6 miles away); Save the Cannon! (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Crisis in Command
Sturdy Farm Site and Ford Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
3. Sturdy Farm Site and Ford Road
Looking northeast from the middle of the field in front of the marker, called Foster's Fields. To the right is the tour stop and the marker location. The gap in the trees, just right of center is the park tour road. In that area stood the Sturdy Farm along the Ford (Farm) Road. McCulloch's Confederates used the road on the morning of March 7, 1862.
(approx. 0.6 miles away); Stand to Your Posts! (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Fierce Tangle in Morgan's Woods (approx. 0.7 miles away); A Village Full of Wounded Men (approx. 0.9 miles away); Leetown (approx. 0.9 miles away); City of Soldiers (approx. 1.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Garfield.
Also see . . .
1. Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Pea Ridge. Civil War Preservation Trust resource page for the battle. (Submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. Native AmericansWar, US Civil
Good's Texas Battery image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
4. Good's Texas Battery
Guns and carriages on display at the tour stop. After the initial fighting in Foster's Fields and Round Prairie, Good's Texas Battery moved into position here to fire on the Federals in Oberson's field to the south.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 996 times since then and 115 times this year. Last updated on , by Mark Wm Johnson of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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