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Kinderhook in Columbia County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Farm Operations

Martin Van Buren Natíl Hist Site

 

óNational Park Service ó

 
Farm Operations Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 1, 2010
1. Farm Operations Marker
Inscription. As with most farms, the operations at Lindenwald varied with the seasons and the years and the constant effort to better the farm. The poles to your left are used to cultivate hops using the techniques of the nineteenth century. Over his years of ownership, Van Buren tried many different agricultural innovations at Lindenwald to increase productivity and profitability. Hops were one such experiment. It was at least a two year test because hop vines do not produce a crop the same year as planted. The task to establish a new hop field include planting root cuttings, fertilizing with manure and weeding the first year, then setting poles and training the vines the second year. Despite the work, 1851 was the only year a hop harvest was recorded at Lindenwald.

Hops are fascinating. This perennial plant may remain productive for twenty years and they can grow as much as two feet in one week. Female plants produce the green flowers used in brewing. The plant dies back every year and reappears the following spring. These plants survive from Van Burenís experiment.

< Sidebar (under photo of old farm office): >
A building known as the farm office was located just to your right. The farm office was an eleven foot square, one story building with doors on three sides. The office was constructed sometime after 1797 by
Marker at Martin Van Buren National Historic Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 1, 2010
2. Marker at Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
the original owner of the mansion, Judge Peter Van Ness. It was removed about 1960. Why were there three doors in such a small building? The answer is unknown. Give it your best guess.

The office may have been used by Lindenwalsíd farm foreman. Farm operations at Lindenwald were usually overseen by a hired manager. Van Burenís first farm foreman was John R. Harder who in 1839 directed improvements to the fields, gardens and orchards. The President also hired farm hands, as needed, while personally acting as manager for several years. His last foreman, Isaac Collins, lived with his family in the white cottage visible across the fields to your right.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 42° 22.177′ N, 73° 42.286′ W. Marker is in Kinderhook, New York, in Columbia County. Marker is on Old Post Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Martin Van Buren National Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Kinderhook NY 12106, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. An Agrarian Lifestyle . . . (within shouting distance of this marker); Fallen White Mulberry Tree (within shouting distance of this marker); Marble Mounting Block
Farm Operations Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 1, 2010
3. Farm Operations Marker
The poles that were used in the growing of hops, as mentioned on the marker, can be seen here to the left.
(within shouting distance of this marker); A Bustling Household (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1849-50 † † A House Transformed (about 300 feet away); Fertile Political Ground (about 300 feet away); Lindenwald (about 500 feet away); Farmhands and Fishing (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Kinderhook.
 
More about this marker. A photo of hops, a crop that grew at Lindenwald, appears on the left side of the marker. A photo of the old farm office is on the right side of the marker, above the sidebar.
 
Also see . . .
1. Biography of Martin Van Buren. (Submitted on November 12, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Martin Van Buren National Historic Site. National Park Service website. (Submitted on November 12, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 444 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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