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Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Covered by Cross Fires

 
 
Covered by Cross Fires Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 28, 2010
1. Covered by Cross Fires Marker
Inscription. To find such a wide break in a fort's wall seems strange to a person today. Yet the gap you see here - then called a sortie passage - is a carefully calculated part of the defenses of Fortress Rosecrans.

The area close to the walls was covered by cannon fire from many nearby angles. Enemy troops could not reach this point without suffering massive losses. With all the nearby trees and brush cleared away, Fortress Rosecrans had no blind spots. No enemy came close.

The Lunette [if] attacked repulses the enemy by its direct fire of musketry and artillery; the collateral Lunettes and curtains cross their fire in front of it [if] the enemy attack one of the curtains... the enemy is met by direct fire ... and cross fire from the ... Lunettes.
James St. Clair Morton, brigadier general
Chief Engineer, Army of the Cumberland

Civil War cannoneers could fire solid shot, exploding shells, or case shot at long ranges. When the enemy approached within 400 yards, the gunners switched to canister or grapeshot, sending a deadly shower of iron balls into their ranks.

The sortie passages ... are designed to admit, or give exit to, large masses of our own troops, in the case of a general engagement taking place...
General Morton
 
Erected by Stones River National
Covered by Cross Fires Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 28, 2010
2. Covered by Cross Fires Marker
Battlefield - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 35° 51.084′ N, 86° 24.581′ W. Marker is in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in Rutherford County. Marker can be reached from Golf Lane (Old Fort Street), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located along the trail in the Fortress Rosecrans unit of the Stones River National Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Murfreesboro TN 37129, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. I Never Saw Anything Like Them Before (within shouting distance of this marker); New Citizen Soldiers (within shouting distance of this marker); Toil and Mud (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Living Under the Guns (about 500 feet away); Lunette Thomas (about 600 feet away); Fortress Rosecrans (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle at Stones River (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Vast Depot (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Murfreesboro.
 
Also see . . .  Fortress Rosecrans. National Park Service page. (Submitted on November 13, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 483 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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