Great Lakes in Lake County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Black and White
In the early months of World War II, the Navy Department designated Great Lakes as the only site for training African-American recruits. Since recruit training camps were named after naval heroes, it was thought fitting to do the same for the camp that would train African-American sailors. The recruits and Service School students were trained at Camp Robert Smalls, named for the African-American Civil War hero. During the War, Service School Command saw integration as a practical and necessary step to improve training for all Sailors. In 1944, a few African-American students were integrated with whites on an experimental basis. The experiment proved successful and soon the “Negro Service Schools” disappeared.
Erected by Naval Station Great Lakes.
Location. 42° 18.745′ N, 87° 50.411′ W. Marker is in Great Lakes, Illinois, in Lake County. Marker is on Farragut Avenue near Sampson Road, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in the Historic District of Naval Station Great Lakes. Marker is in this post office area: Great Lakes IL 60088, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Origins of the Base / Construction (here, next to this marker); The Golden Thirteen (here, next to this marker); The First Recruit / Original Historic Structures (here, next to this marker); World War I / Between the Wars (a few steps from this marker); Building Five (within shouting distance of this marker); Original Architectural Design (within shouting distance of this marker); World War II (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Lakes Athletics (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Great Lakes.
Also see . . .
1. Naval Station Great Lakes.
2. Great Lakes Naval Museum.
3. Great Lakes Naval Training Station.
4. Dorie Miller.
5. Minorities and Women in the US Navy.
Categories. • African Americans • Education • Patriots & Patriotism • War, World II •
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 15, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 650 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 15, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.