Alexandria in Rapides Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
Twenty-seven miles southeast of Tucumcari, New Mexico, Red River originates in the watershed of the Frio Draw on the Llano Estacado at an elevation of about 5000 feet. Flowing eastward through Palo Duro Canyon, it subsequently forms the border between Texas and Oklahoma, then turns southeast across Louisiana joining the Mississippi River at the northern boundary of the Florida Parishes. Its distinctive red color and rich alluvial valley have been noted since the earliest European explorations in the 17th century. Following the Louisiana Purchase, the U.S. sent the Freeman-Curtis Expedition in 1806, to explore Red River and refute Spanish border claims. The first steamboat, the "Enterprise", ascended the Red River to Alexandria in 1814, but transportation above Natchitoches was blocked by the Great Raft until cleared by Capt. Henry Shreve in 1833-38. (Continued on other side)
(Continued from other side)
During the Civil War, the Union's Red River Campaign was an important part of the Trans-Mississippi hostilities. The Great Raft gradually reformed but was cleared again in 1873. By the turn of the century, river transportation had succumbed to rail competition and silting due to flood control levees. For almost 100 years, commercial river transportation was non-existent until the Red River
Erected by Red River Waterway Commission.
Location. 31° 18.745′ N, 92° 26.624′ W. Marker is in Alexandria, Louisiana, in Rapides Parish. Marker can be reached from Murray Street north of Main Street, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is on the levee above the Old Rapides Bank Building/Alexandria Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Alexandria LA 71301, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old Rapides Bank Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Rapides Parish Governors (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Louisiana Maneuvers (about 400 feet away); Thomas Courtland Manning (about 500 feet away); Alexandria (about 500 feet away); Post-Civil War Alexandria (about 500 feet away); Commercial Building (about 600 feet away); The Hotel Bentley (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Alexandria.
Also see . . . The Great Red River Raft - Ancestry.com by Dennis Muncrief. (Submitted on November 27, 2010, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
Categories. • Exploration • Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,009 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.