“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dover in Stewart County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Rice House

Decision to Surrender

Rice House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 4, 2010
1. Rice House Marker
Inscription. At 1:30 a.m., February 16, 1862, at a final council of war in the Rice house (originally located in front of you at the corner of Pillow and Petty streets) Confederate Generals Floyd, Pillow, and Buckner decided that their failed breakout attempt meant that surrender was inevitable. Floyd, fearing capture and prosecution in the North, turned over command to Pillow. Pillow passed it on to Buckner, who agreed to remain and surrender the fort and what was left of the army. Pillow escaped by small boat across the Cumberland in the night, Floyd the next morning on a steamer with two regiments of Virginia infantry. Forrest and 700 troopers escaped through the icy waters of Lick Creek. Bushrod Johnson, Pillow's second in command, simply walked away. Buckner wrote Grant requesting an armistice and terms of surrender.

General Buckner to General Grant, requesting terms of surrender.
"...I propose to the Commanding Officer of the Federal forces the appointment of Commissioners to agree upon terms of capitulation of the forces and Fort under my command..."

Brigadier General Simon B. Buckner
"I regarded it as my duty to remain with my men and share their fate, whatever it might be."

Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow
"I am determined that I will never surrender the command nor will I ever surrender myself
Rice House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 4, 2010
2. Rice House Marker
as a prisoner. I will die first."

Brigadier General John B. Floyd
"The surrender was a painful and inexorable necessity, which could not be avoided, and not a 'measure deemed proper for the entire army'."

Brigadier General Nathan Bedford Forrest
"I did not come here to surrender my command."
Erected by Fort Donelson National Battlefield - National Park Service - Department of the Interior.
Location. 36° 29.317′ N, 87° 50.208′ W. Marker is in Dover, Tennessee, in Stewart County. Marker is on Petty Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop ten, Dover Hotel, of the driving tour of Fort Donelson National Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Dover TN 37058, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dover Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); 13,000 Prisoners (within shouting distance of this marker); Surrender House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); History of the Stewart County Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Stewart County Iron Industry (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Battle of Dover/Confederate Mass Grave (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hallowed Ground (approx. 0.6 miles away); Greene's Battery (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Dover.
Also see . . .  Fort Donelson. National Park Service site. (Submitted on December 7, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 438 times since then and 56 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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