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Hazel Green in Grant County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Point Of Beginning
Point Of Beginning Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert L Weber
1. Point Of Beginning Marker
Inscription. Late in 1831, when Wisconsin was still in Michigan Territory, Lucius Lyon, U. S. Commissioner on the survey of the northern boundary of the State of Illinois, set a post and erected a mound of earth 6 feet square at the base and 6 feet high, at a point 1/2 mile east of here to mark the intersection of that boundary and the 4th Principal Meridian. The Wisconsin public land surveys were begun here in 1832 and were completed "up north" in 1867. Lyon surveyed 16 townships in S. W. Wisconsin in 1832-33, which opened this Territory for settlement. In 1833 Michigan Territory honored this veteran surveyor by electing him their Delegate to Congress. The post and mound he erected at this point were obliterated by fence and power line construction long ago, but the point is now preserved by a new concrete surveyor's monument. Every section corner monument in the state; the boundaries of each county, city, village, township, farm and lot; the position of roads, lakes and streams, all were surveyed and mapped from this Point of Beginning.
Erected 1979. (Marker Number 172.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Wisconsin Historical Society marker series.
Location. 42° 30.469′ N, 90° 26.193′ 
Hard to find Point Of Beginning Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert L Weber
2. Hard to find Point Of Beginning Marker
W. Marker is in Hazel Green, Wisconsin, in Grant County. Marker is on State Highway 80, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. The marker is located just north of the Illinois state line. Marker is in this post office area: Hazel Green WI 53811, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Father Samuel Mazzuchelli (approx. 4.8 miles away); St. Augustine Church (approx. 5.5 miles away); The De Soto House (approx. 6.5 miles away in Illinois); Ulysses S. Grant Home (approx. 6.7 miles away in Illinois); Wisconsin Lead Region (approx. 9.9 miles away); Historical Badger Park (approx. 11.1 miles away); Badger Mine – Badger Lot Diggings (approx. 11.1 miles away); a different marker also named Historical Badger Park (approx. 11.2 miles away).
Regarding The Point Of Beginning. The "Point of Beginning" is the benchmark from which all lands in what would become Wisconsin were measured. With this benchmark in place, survey crews began laying out the first rectangular townships, each containing 36 one-mile square sections of 640 acres.
NGS Benchmark Photo, Click for full size
By Robert L Weber, August 15, 2009
3. NGS Benchmark
Actual benchmark. This benchmark is approximately 1/2 mile from the marker down an easy to travel dirt road. 4230'25.86"N 9025'36.20"W or N 42 30.431 W 090 25.603
Credits. This page originally submitted on December 12, 2010, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. This page has been viewed 524 times since then. Last updated on December 16, 2010, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. Photos:   1. submitted on December 12, 2010, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona.   2. submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona.   3. submitted on December 18, 2010, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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