Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Stafford in Stafford County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Transporting the Stone

 
 
Transporting the Stone Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 27, 2010
1. Transporting the Stone Marker
Inscription. A historic road is visible to the right. It was created by skids or "stone boats" that were loaded with stone and dragged by oxen to the wharf. The stone was very heavy. One cubic foot of stone weighed 120 pounds.

In addition to moving the stone by skids, a canal was needed to transport the stone. The canal was "cut about 18 feet wide to let scows [flat-bottom boats] into the quarry..." (Commissioners Records, 1793). Although the exact location of the canal is unknown, Benjamin Henry Latrobe describes it in 1886:
Between the great mass of rock on the island of Acquia and the deep water of the creek is a soft marsh. Through this marsh a canal has been formerly cut, now much choaked [sic] up which is barely sufficient to convey stone by means of a scow to the vessels which bring it up to the city. From the Quarry to the canal the stone must be carted.

At the wharf, stone was loaded onto scows and was then transported downstream to deeper, more navigable waters around Coal Landing. There, stone was transferred onto larger sailing vessels called schooners or sloops, carried down Aquia Creek, and shipped up the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.

Today, submerged remnants of a stone wharf are still visible along the shore. Up the hill to the west of the wharf is a stone foundation of a building. Artifacts
Transporting the Stone Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 27, 2010
2. Transporting the Stone Marker
from this site include brick and mortar fragments, nails, window glass, wrought iron hinges, pieces of serving utensils and iron kettles. These artifacts indicate that the building probably served as living quarters during the time of the quarrying operations.
 
Erected 2010 by Tourism and Parks, Recreation & Community.
 
Location. 38° 27.001′ N, 77° 22.78′ W. Marker is in Stafford, Virginia, in Stafford County. Marker can be reached from Coal Landing Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stafford VA 22554, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Quarrying the Stone (within shouting distance of this marker); Island Ownership (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Native American Presence (about 500 feet away); Site Selection / Architectural Features (about 500 feet away); Government Island (approx. half a mile away); Mary Kittamaquund (approx. 1.2 miles away); Peyton’s Ordinary (approx. 1.3 miles away); Oak Grove Baptist Church (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Stafford.
 
Regarding Transporting the Stone. On the right side of the marker is a map of the Potomac River, showing the "Stone transportation route"
Marker and historic road. image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 27, 2010
3. Marker and historic road.
from Government Island to Washington, D.C.
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceRoads & VehiclesWaterways & Vessels
 
Foundation remains, mentioned on the marker (marker is in background) image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 27, 2010
4. Foundation remains, mentioned on the marker (marker is in background)
Stone foundation of a building near the Transporting the Stone Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 27, 2010
5. Stone foundation of a building near the Transporting the Stone Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 598 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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