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New Market in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

New Market

Roads to Gettysburg

 
 
New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
1. New Market Marker
Inscription. Gettysburg Campaign
Late in June 1863, the Union Army of the Potomac pursued Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it invaded the North less than a year after the Antietam Campaign. On Monday, June 29, the Federal corps marched north toward Pennsylvania on parallel roads like the fingers of a glove, after being ordered to stay between Lee and the large Northern cities.

Gen. John F. Reynolds led I Corps west of Frederick on Emmitsburg Road (present-day U.S. Rte. 15), while Gen. Oliver O. Howard and XI Corps tramped Old Frederick Road to Emmitsburg. Commanding Gen. George G. Meade, with III and XII Corps and the artillery reserve moved on what is now Rte. 194, Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock's II Corps and Meade's V Corps (soon placed under Gen. George Sykes) marched norteastward along present-day Rte. 26 to Liberty and Unionville. Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps, which guarded the army's right flank, moved by here to Mount Airy and Westminster, reaching Manchester on June 30. The next day, the corps began an epic 34-mile march to Gettysburg and arrived late in the afternoon of July 2.

A soldier in the 37th Massachusetts Infantry, VI Corps, later wrote that on entering New Market, "two or three young ladies were discovered standing in front of their home waving small Union flags. It was an electrifying sight,
Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
2. Campaign Map
The dark blue, arrowed lines indicate movements completed to the point in time discussed in the marker's text. Lighter blue lines indicate movements afterwards towards Gettysburg.
and the enthusiasm which had pervaded the troops in advance was emphasized from the strong throats of the Thirty-seventh. There was no question now that they were in the land of friends.

 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 22.978′ N, 77° 16.282′ W. Marker is in New Market, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is on East Main Street (State Highway 144), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 24 East Main Street, New Market MD 21774, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. 13 West Main Street (within shouting distance of this marker); New Market in the Civil War (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named New Market (within shouting distance of this marker); 9 West Main Street (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 5 West Main Street (about 400 feet away); 3 West Main Street (about 400 feet away); a different marker also
New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By New Market Marker, May 13, 2012
3. New Market Marker
named New Market in the Civil War (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mile Stones of the old National Pike (approx. 2.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Market.
 
More about this marker. The upper portion of the marker displays portraits of Gens. Meade, Reynolds, Howard, Hancock, Sykes, and Sedgwick. A map showing the routes taken by the Union armies pursuing to Gettysburg is on the lower right, captioned, "Position of the Union Army of the Potomac June 29, 1863 (midday). New Union commander Gen. George G. Meade orders his army north with two objectives: Engage the Confederate army under the best possible conditions while protecting Washington, D.C. Learning that the Union army was close and getting closer, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee orders his army to consolidate somewhere near the Maryland-Pennsylvania border."
 
Regarding New Market. Main Street is also the path of the Old National Road through New Market, MD.
 
Also see . . .  History of New Market, Maryland. (Submitted on December 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 3, 2007
4. New Market Marker
Marker, as seen looking west along Main Street. image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, February 24, 2008
5. Marker, as seen looking west along Main Street.
New Market Marker, looking east on Main Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 13, 2012
6. New Market Marker, looking east on Main Street
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,190 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.   6. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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