The 755th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
The Williams Bay Air Force Radar Station, home of the 755th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, was part of a nationwide Cold War effort to defend the continent against possible airborne attack from the Soviet Union. In the years following World War II, as tensions between the United States and Soviet Union escalated, Air Force engineers worked feverishly to develop a sophisticated radar technology suitable for a nationwide network of defensive stations.
The system did not gain wide support until the Soviet Union exploded their first atomic bomb in August 1949. The Williams Bay station became operational in 1950. Built on one of the highest elevations in the region, its two radomes scanned the skies 24 hours a day for the ten years it was active. The 755th operated in relative secrecy, ready to provide instant communications about suspicious aircraft to the regional processing centers at Truax Field in Madison and O’Hare Field in Chicago. Through the 1950s the Air Force rapidly built a nationwide network of radar stations. By 1957, the system consisted of over 200 stations. That year, the successful Soviet Sputnik satellite launch changed the focus of aerial defense from aircraft to ballistic missiles and the radar defense network was gradually decommissioned and consolidated.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Wisconsin Historical Society marker series.
Location. 42° 37.005′ N, 88° 32.421′ W. Marker is in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, in Walworth County. Marker can be reached from Wisconsin Route 67 ¼ mile south of Palmer Road, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located off the highway in the entrance to the Highway 67 Industrial Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: N3440 STH 67, Williams Bay WI 53191, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Webster House (approx. 3.6 miles away); Birthplace of “The Greatest Show on Earth” (approx. 5.1 miles away); Delavan’s Historic Brick Street (approx. 5.6 miles away); Maple Park (approx. 5.6 miles away); Andy Gump (approx. 5.7 miles away); Delavan's Circus Colony (approx. 5.9 miles away); Wisconsin's First School for the Deaf (approx. 6 miles away); Wisconsin's First 4-H Club (approx. 6.2 miles away).
Regarding The 755th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron. The Highway 67 Industrial Park contains the remains of the Air Force facility.
Categories. • War, Cold •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 691 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.