“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sioux Falls in Minnehaha County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Battleship X

U.S.S. South Dakota

Battleship X Marker image. Click for full size.
1. Battleship X Marker
Inscription. [Marker Front]
On June 7, 1941, Vera Bushfield, wife of the governor of South Dakota, smashed a bottle of champagne against the towering bow of a new battleship and proudly proclaimed, “I christen thee South Dakota!” While an 80 piece band from Sioux Fallsí Washington High School played “Anchors Away” and “The Star Spangled Banner,” the huge hull of the battleship slowly slid into the Delaware River at Camden, New Jersey. The U.S.S. South Dakota was longer than two football fields, cost almost $73 million, and would weigh 35,000 tons. After a year of fitting out, commissioning, and rigorous training of a green crew, the ship was ordered to the Pacific war zone.

The heavily armed but untested South Dakota mounted more than 100 antiaircraft guns. Her first engagement with Japanese planes occurred during the Battle of Santa Cruz on October 26, 1942. Even though her gunners shot down 20 of the first wave of raiding enemy planes, in a later attack, one plane eluded antiaircraft fire and hit the South Dakota with a 500 pound bomb. Gunnerís Mate Hubert P. Chatelain was her first battle fatality, and Captain Thomas L. Gatch was critically wounded by shrapnel. However, the carrier Enterprise was protected and saved because of the efforts of the South Dakota and her baptism in battle was
Battleship X Marker </b>(reverse) image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 2003
2. Battleship X Marker (reverse)
a stunning success.

[Marker Reverse]
The ship participated in the Battle of Guadalcanal, a night action off Savo Island, on November 13-14, 1942. This was one of only two Japanese battleship against American battleship duels in World War II. In the ferocious fighting, 34 torpedoes were fired at the South Dakota and another U.S. battlewagon [the U.S.S. Washington], but all missed. Although she held her own, U.S.S. South Dakota took a pummeling, suffering 27 major shell hits; 38 crew members were killed in the encounter and were buried at sea. For security reasons, and because the Japanese believed they had sunk her, the Navy gave the hot shooting battleship the code name “Battleship X.”

In 1943 the South Dakota joined the British Home Fleet in convoy duty. They also attempted to lure the German battleship Tirpitz from a Norwegian fjord but without success. After she returned to the Pacific Theater later that year, her massive 16-inch guns fired one-ton projectiles to bombard enemy territory in nine separate operations, including the first time that the Japanese homeland was shelled. By the end of the war, the South Dakota had steamed 246,970 miles, destroy 64 enemy planes, and was awarded 13 Battle Stars.

Vera Bushfield who had christened the ship 26 years earlier, was in attendance at the dedication of this memorial
USS South Dakota Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 2003
3. USS South Dakota Memorial
Ship's original mainmast is seen behind symbolic bridge/turret structure and other features on grass representing the ship's deck.
on September 7, 1969, to hear speaker Vice Admiral Bernard Roeder declare, “This grand memorial shall stand in quiet tribute to a man-o-war, a Navy fighting ship that did its best for her country.”
Erected by Minnehaha County Historical Society, State of South Dakota.
Location. 43° 32.616′ N, 96° 45.755′ W. Marker is in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in Minnehaha County. Marker is on West 12th Street (South Dakota Route 42) just west of South Kiwanis Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in Sherman Park at the USS South Dakota Memorial, approx. 0.9 miles east of I-29/SD Rte. 38. Marker is in this post office area: Sioux Falls SD 57104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Columbus College (approx. 0.8 miles away); Department of Veterans Affairs (approx. 0.8 miles away); AAUW Sioux Falls Branch (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Old Yankton Trail and Stage Road (approx. 1.5 miles away); The Dubuque House (approx. 2.2 miles away); Frederick Manfredís “Siouxland” (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Amidon Affair (approx. 3.3 miles away).
More about this marker. A satellite view of the USS South Dakota Memorial
U.S.S. <i>South Dakota</i> image. Click for full size.
By U.S. Navy, 1942
4. U.S.S. South Dakota
well shows the ship's outline. (See the Historic Markers Database Map satellite image.)
Also see . . .
1. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships - USS South Dakota II (BB-57). (Submitted on December 22, 2008.)
2. Wikipedia entry for the USS South Dakota. (Submitted on December 21, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Battleship "X". (Submitted on July 31, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. BB-57, "Old Nameless", William F. Halsey.
Categories. MilitaryWar, World IIWaterways & Vessels
USS South Dakota Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Shelby Murdoc, February 6, 2009
5. USS South Dakota Battle Map
Battle Map of Major Operations in which the USS South Dakota participated in during World War II.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,801 times since then and 183 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   2, 3. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   4. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   5. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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