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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Former St. Johns County Jail

ACCORD Freedom Trail

 
 
St. Johns County Jail Annex image. Click for full size.
By Mrs. Shirley Williams-Galvin, July 2, 2010
1. St. Johns County Jail Annex
This building played a prominent role in the civil rights movement, when hundreds of demonstrators were incarcerated here in 1963 and 1964.
Inscription. This building, designed by architect F. A. Hollingsworth, opened in 1953 as the St. Johns County Jail, replacing an earlier jail building on San Marco Avenue that subsequently became a tourist attraction. A decade later, this building played a prominent role in the civil rights movement, when hundreds of demonstrators were incarcerated here in 1963 and 1964. At one point, the president of the United States was told that if he wanted to keep an eye on the leaders of the civil rights movement, he should look at the St. Johns County Jail. Photographs of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. taken here have become some of the iconic pictures of that era.

The demonstrations in St. Augustine, under the leadership of Dr. Robert B. Hayling, led directly to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, one of the two great legislative accomplishments of the movement. Many famous people spent time in this building, including the St. Augustine Four (teenagers who spent six months in jail and reform school for sitting-in at a local lunch counter); Mrs. Mary Peabody, 72-year-old mother of the governor of Massachusetts; author Sarah Patton Boyle; and those who took part in the largest mass arrest of rabbis in American history. A veritable Who's Who of civil rights leaders including Dr. King, Rev. Ralph Abernathy, Hosea Williams, Rev. C. T.
St. Johns County Jail Annex image. Click for full size.
By Mrs. Shirley Williams-Galvin, July 2, 2010
2. St. Johns County Jail Annex
This Freedom Trail Marker Unveiled on the 46th Anniversary of the Signing of the Landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964
Vivian, Rev. Andrew Young, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth and others passed through these doors.

While many notable people came from outside to support the civil rights movement here, the largest number of those arrested were local residents--the "foot soldiers" of the movement--whom Dr. King hailed as "the heroes of St. Augustine." They displayed extraordinary courage in standing up against racial segregation, and their example helped to change America and inspire the world.
 
Erected 2009.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Martin Luther King, Jr. marker series.
 
Location. 29° 56.419′ N, 81° 20.178′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker is on Lewis Speedway. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4025 Lewis Speedway, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (approx. one mile away); African Origins (approx. one mile away); 10 Hildreth Drive (approx. 1.8 miles away); Nelmar Terrace Historic District (approx. 2.3 miles away); Chain Gangs (approx. 2.4 miles away); Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 (approx. 2.5 miles away); The Old St. Johns County Jail (approx. 2.5 miles away); Gault Street (approx. 2.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Also see . . .  ACCORD Freedom Trail July Newsletter. This link takes a few moments to download---please be patient (Submitted on March 6, 2011, by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsLandmarks
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida. This page has been viewed 663 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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