“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wylliesburg in Charlotte County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


First Rest


—Wilson-Kautz Raid —

Wylliesburgh Civil War Trails Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 5, 2011
1. Wylliesburgh Civil War Trails Marker
Inscription. In June 1864, to deny General Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side Railroad and the Richmond and Danville Railroad, General Ulysses S. Grant sent General James H. Wilson and General August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling stock. Wylliesburgh was the first place the raiders stopped to rest after their repulse at Staunton River Bridge the previous day, June 25. Each brigade paused here for about two hours to make coffee and reorganize before continuing east towards the safety of the Union lines at Petersburg. The expedition had fulfilled Grant’s orders to destroy as much track as possible until the Confederates massed enough force to attack effectively. From this point on, the Wilson-Kautz raiders were in a race to safety, with the Confederate cavalry in hot pursuit.

“I not only had to choose my route and bring off my wounded, but make my way rapidly toward our army [in Petersburg] through the forest and small farms which covered the intervening country. It was, of course, almost impossible to return by the road I had come out on, and, looking over my maps, I concluded that my best chances lay due east through Wyliesburg, Christianville, and Greensborough. ... After resting, feeding, and caring for our horses and our wounded, of whom we now had something like two hundred in ambulances
Wylliesburgh Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 5, 2011
2. Wylliesburgh Marker
and country carriages, we silently took the road at midnight, passing noiselessly under the enemy’s guns not over four hundred yards away, and pushed on till daylight, when we found ourselves at Wyliesville with no enemy in sight.” —General James H. Wilson, Expedition Commander.

“The work of these two last days, performed under a burning sun and over hot fires, was extremely exhausting, and many of the men have not a never will recover from its effects. Not succeeding in burning the [Staunton River] bridge the command commenced its return about 11 P.M. Sunday, June [25], striking to eastward in the direction of Christianville, camping between Christianvile and Lewisburg [Lewiston, the county seat, present-day Lunenburg]. This was the hottest day of the raid, the thermometer standing at 105 [degrees] Farenheit in the shade at 2:30 P.M.” —Lieutenant Colonel George A. Purington, 2nd Ohio Cavalry
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 51.25′ N, 78° 35.65′ W. Marker is in Wylliesburg, Virginia, in Charlotte County. Marker is at the intersection of Jackson-Vaughan Road (County Route
The Jackson Hardware and General Store and Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 5, 2011
3. The Jackson Hardware and General Store and Marker
607) and Moody Circle Road, on the left when traveling west on Jackson-Vaughan Road. Click for map. It is beside the Jackson 1908 Hardware and General Store, 2/10 of a mile from the Post Office at U.S. 15. Marker is at or near this postal address: 725 Jackson-Vaughan Rd, Wylliesburg VA 23976, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Paul Carrington (approx. 0.2 miles away); Roanoke Plantation (approx. 0.4 miles away); Staunton Bridge Action (approx. 0.4 miles away); Charlotte County / Mecklenburg County (approx. 3.7 miles away); The Battle of Staunton River Bridge (approx. 6.3 miles away); Salem School (approx. 6.3 miles away); Carrington's Mill (approx. 6.5 miles away); Thyne Institute (approx. 7.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Wylliesburg.
More about this marker. There is an etching by Edwin Forbes reproduced in the center of the marker showing soldiers brewing coffee.
Also see . . .  The Wilson-Kautz Raid. (Submitted on March 10, 2011.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 467 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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