Cockburn Town, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands — Caribbean Region (Atlantic Ocean)
U.S. Naval Facility
— Grand Turk —
Known officially as the U.S. Facility for Oceanographic Research, the base was established to improve knowledge of oceanographic and acoustic conditions. The U.S. had found during World War II a need to improve knowledge of ocean conditions in order to better deal with enemy submarines. After the establishment of the facility, U.S. atomic submarines frequently sailed off Grand Turk.
Another U.S. facility, the Guided Missle Base, was constructed on the island's southern end at around the same time. The number of American personnel and families resident in the island at one time exceeded three hundred.
On March 31, 1980, the U.S. Facility for Oceanographic Research was officially closed and turned over to the Turks and Caicos Islands Government. The facility currently serves as the Grand Turk Community College.
Location. 21° 30.738′ N, 71° 7.972′ W. Marker is in Cockburn Town, Grand Turk. Marker is on Lighthouse Click for map. Located at northern terminus of Lighthouse Road at Lookout Point . Marker is in this post office area: Cockburn Town, Grand Turk 00109-9000, Turks and Caicos Islands.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Trouvadore Shipwreck (within shouting distance of this marker); Lighthouse Keeper's Residence & Bermuda Kitchen (within shouting distance of this marker); The Northeast Reef (within shouting distance of this marker); Grand Turk: The Original Columbus Landfall ? (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Grand Turk Historic Lighthouse (about 90 meters away); Horatio Nelson Lookout Point (about 90 meters away); a different marker also named Grand Turk Historic Lighthouse (about 120 meters away); Miramar (approx. 4.8 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Cockburn Town.
Regarding U.S. Naval Facility. Historically, the term hydrography has meant the scientific study of the physical conditions of systems of water. Within the field of physical oceanography, hydrography is the branch of our field which looks to understand the movements of the ocean through its measurable physical properties, including: temperature, salinity, and oxygen, and
Categories. • Exploration • Science & Medicine • Waterways & Vessels •
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