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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site

 
 
Literary Landmark Register image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
1. Literary Landmark Register
Inscription. Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a Literary Landmark by Friends of Libraries U.S.A.
 
Erected 2007 by Friends of Libraries, U.S.A. Co-sponsored by the Gilder Lehrman Center, the National Park Service, and the Frederick Douglass Memorial and Historical Association.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 38° 51.8′ N, 76° 59.117′ W. Marker is in Anacostia, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker can be reached from the intersection of W Street, SE and 14th Street , SE. Click for map. This marker is on the south wall at the entrance to the National Park Service visitors center, just north of the Frederick Douglass home site on Cedar Hill. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1411 W Street, SE, Washington DC 20020, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Growlery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sage of Anacostia (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line);
Cedar Hill: the home of Frederick Douglass, 1877 to 1895. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
2. Cedar Hill: the home of Frederick Douglass, 1877 to 1895.
Uniontown, DC's First Suburb (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mother Churches and Their Daughters (approx. 0.2 miles away); Education Matters (approx. ¼ mile away); The Big Chair (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named The Big Chair (approx. 0.3 miles away); The World’s Largest Chair (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Anacostia.
 
Regarding Frederick Douglass National Historic Site. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on the Eastern Shore of Maryland in 1818, and was given the name Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (Baly), after his mother Harriet Bailey. During the course of his remarkable life he escaped from slavery, became internationally renowned for his eloquence in the cause of liberty, and went on to serve the national government in several official capacities. Through his work he came into contact with many of the leaders of his times. His early work in the cause of freedom brought him into contact with a wide array of abolitionists and social reformers, including William Lloyd Garrison, Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Cedar Hill image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
3. Cedar Hill
John Brown, Gerrit Smith and many others. As a major Stationmaster on the Underground Railroad he directly helped hundreds on their way to freedom through his adopted home city of Rochester, NY.

Renowned for his eloquence, he lectured throughout the US and England on the brutality and immorality of slavery. As a publisher his North Star and Frederick Douglass’ Paper brought news of the anti-slavery movement to thousands. Forced to leave the country to avoid arrest after John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, he returned to become a staunch advocate of the Union cause. He helped recruit African American troops for the Union Army, and his personal relationship with Lincoln helped persuade the President to make emancipation a cause of the Civil War. Two of Douglass’ sons served in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, which was made up entirely of African American volunteers. The storming of Fort Wagner by this regiment was dramatically portrayed in the film Glory! A painting of this event hangs in the front hall at Cedar Hill.

All of Douglass’ children were born of his marriage to Anna Murray. He met Murray, a free African American, in Baltimore while he was still held in slavery. They were married soon after his escape to freedom. After the death of his first wife, Douglass married his former secretary, [women’s suffrage activist] Helen Pitts of Rochester,
Cedar Hill: staircase above Washington, D.C., Black History Trail marker. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
4. Cedar Hill: staircase above Washington, D.C., Black History Trail marker.
NY. Douglass dismissed the controversy over his marriage to a
White woman, saying that in his first marriage he had honored his mother’s race, and in his second marriage, his father’s.

In 1872, Douglass moved to Washington, DC where he initially served as publisher of the New National Era, which was intended to carry forward the work of elevating the position of African Americans in the post-Emancipation period. This enterprise was discontinued when the promised financial backing failed to materialize. In this period Douglass also served briefly as President of the Freedmen’s National Bank, and subsequently in various national service positions, including US Marshal for the District of Columbia, and diplomatic positions in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

[extracted from “The Life of Frederick Douglass” at http://www.nps.gov/archive/frdo/fdlife.htm]
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Frederick Douglass National Historic Site. National Park Service site. (Submitted on February 11, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. "Douglass on Lincoln" (NYT, April 22, 1876). "... his oration at the
The Washington D.C. Black History Trail, National Recreation Trail image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
5. The Washington D.C. Black History Trail, National Recreation Trail
Service road/hiker-biker trail above W Street and below Cedar Hill.
unveiling at the Colored men's statue of Abraham Lincoln in Washington ..." (Submitted on March 13, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Reconstruction
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansPoliticsWar, US Civil
 
"My face marks the sunny hours. What can you say of yours?" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
6. "My face marks the sunny hours. What can you say of yours?"
Sentiment on ornamental sun-dial, "Presented by the Married Women's Culture Club, Pittsburgh, Pa; August 12, 1922"; and placed near the main entrance to Frederick Douglass' home.
"The Growlery" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
7. "The Growlery"
Frederick Douglass' rustic retreat, south of the main house on the Cedar Hill estate.
Gladys B. Parham image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
8. Gladys B. Parham
Memorial to "The Guardian Angel of Cedar Hill."
The Frederick Douglass Bridge: South Capitol Street crossing the Anacostia River. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, February 9, 2008
9. The Frederick Douglass Bridge: South Capitol Street crossing the Anacostia River.
Viewed from Cedar Hill with the new Washington Nationals baseball park seen on the right.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,424 times since then and 59 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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