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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

“The Peaks”

 
 
"The Peaks" Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
1. "The Peaks" Marker
Inscription.
They dominate the horizon, rising 12,633 feet (3851 m) to Arizona's highest point. Visible for miles from all directions, they stand guard over a land which has long sustained people in spirit and natural resources. All of the region's Native peoples revere them.

Spanish friars christened these peaks as San Francisco Mountain in 1629 to honor their St. Francis of Assisi. The first wave of Spanish explorers, surprised that such large mountains did not spawn lakes or streams, charted them the Sierra Sin Agua - mountains without water. Conversely, most Native names for the peaks are a reference to a mountain with life-giving moisture.

This immense stratovolcano captures large amounts of rain and snowfall, yet surface water is scarce. Moisture drains down rapidly through fractured bedrock and much is sponged up by porous volcanic rock. The closest river, the Little Colorado, is connected to the peaks by drainage but rarely receives water directly.

——————

[Background photo caption]
San Francisco Mountain is sculpted into four peaks, from left to right: Agassiz, Humphreys, Fremont, and Doyle.

[Upper right inset caption]
San Francisco Mountain bounded many traditional homelands and was a landscape shared by all the region's indigenous groups.
"The Peaks" Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
2. "The Peaks" Marker
With the Peaks in the background. Looking southwest.

 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 35° 22.328′ N, 111° 33.337′ W. Marker is near Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Arizona, in Coconino County. Click for map. The marker is at a pullout in the Coconino National Forest, outside the official national monument boundary, a little over a mile east of US Route 89 along the Sunset Crater Volcano/Wupatki Loop Road. Marker is in this post office area: Flagstaff AZ 86004, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Geological Infant (here, next to this marker); The Birth of a Mountain (approx. 2.2 miles away); Life and Landscape Transformed (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Power to Symbolize (approx. 2.3 miles away); As Powerful as a Volcano (approx. 2.3 miles away); Changes to Come (approx. 2.3 miles away); Bushmaster Park (approx. 11.1 miles away); Buffalo Park (approx. 11.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument.
 
Also see . . .
1. Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument. (Submitted on April 13, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Sunset Crater Volcano Geology. (Submitted on April 13, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. AnthropologyEnvironmentExplorationNative Americans
 
Indigenous Peoples Names for "The Peaks" image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
3. Indigenous Peoples Names for "The Peaks"
See "Upper Right Inset Caption" in Inscription field
Relief Map Detail in Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
4. Relief Map Detail in Visitor Center
San Francisco Peaks the large crater in lower left of photo.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 630 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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