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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fishers Hill in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Valley Pike

Tumbling Run Near Fisher's Hill

 
 
Valley Pike Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 1, 2007
1. Valley Pike Marker
Inscription. 1864 Valley Campaign
Here on Tumbling Run are the remains of the "Old Pike" stone bridge. The Valley Turnpike Company was chartered in 1838 as a joint-stock corporation. The turnpike followed the route of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia to the backcountry of the Carolinas, a major migration route of the mid-18th century. First an Indian path, then a wagon road, by the time of the Civil War the turnpike was a hard-surfaced macadamized commercial highway. Lack of maintenance and overuse by the armies during all the seasons meant that soldiers often had to repair roads or clear new ones while campaigning. During the Civil War, nine major battles were fought in the Shenandoah Valley along the Valley Turnpike. Many more battles and engagements took place on other Valley thoroughfares since the armies marched on the most accessible and advantageous routes, which were also the historic routes used for commerce and private travel. Road networks and intersections often dictated where battles occurred. Roads were also essential to the vast logistical trains that followed the armies, including baggage wagons, herds of stock, fresh horses, ambulances, artillery pieces, and caissons.

During the battles of Fisher's Hill, September 22, 1864 and Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, the bridge here was important for the marching armies
Battle of Fisher's Hill Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 1, 2007
2. Battle of Fisher's Hill Map
because it supplemented the natural defensive terrain of Fisher's Hill as a line of communication. During the Battle of Cedar Creek, the bridge became a "choke point" as fleeing wagons, artillery caissons, and demoralized Confederate soldiers forced their way across the stream.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 58.88′ N, 78° 23.268′ W. Marker is in Fishers Hill, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is at the intersection of Old Valley Pike (U.S. 11) and Battlefield Road (County Route 601), on the right when traveling south on Old Valley Pike. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fishers Hill VA 22626, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fisher's Hill Battlefield (approx. half a mile away); The Battle of Fishers Hill (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Battle of Cedar Creek (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx.
Marker beside the Old Valley Pike image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 1, 2007
3. Marker beside the Old Valley Pike
one mile away); Historic Strasburg (approx. 1.3 miles away); Signal Knob (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named Historic Strasburg (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fishers Hill.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a map of the Battle of Fisher's Hill. On the upper right is a "Scene of Confederate Route over Tumbling Run after Battle of Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864." by James E. Taylor, Courtesy of Western Reserve Historical Society.
 
Regarding Valley Pike. This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Fisher's Hill. See the Battle of Fisher's Hill Virtual Tour by Markers linked below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Fisher's Hill. National Park Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on December 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Fisher's Hill Virtual Tour by Markers. Eight markers that document the battle of Fisher's Hill, September 20-21, 1864. (Submitted on December 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
 
Intersection of Battlefield Road and the Valley Pike image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 1, 2007
4. Intersection of Battlefield Road and the Valley Pike
The stone abutment in the foreground (in front of the house) is a portion of the old Valley Pike road trace.
Bridge abutment at Tumbling Run image. Click for full size.
October 9, 2010
5. Bridge abutment at Tumbling Run
The stone bridge abutment at the base of Fisher’s Hill where once the Valley Turnpike crossed Tumbling Run.
Tumbling Run Bridge looking up the Pike (1884) image. Click for full size.
6. Tumbling Run Bridge looking up the Pike (1884)
Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, DeGolyer Library
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,174 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on .   6. submitted on . This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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