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East Canaan in Litchfield County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth

Beckley Furnace Industrial Monument

 
 
Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
1. Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth Marker
Inscription.
Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth
Casting Arch
This arch was used to gain access to the hearth area of the furnace. It is the largest of the four arches in the furnace structure. It is from this opening that molten iron flowed into sand molds to form the iron "pigs" that were the final product of this furnace.
Waste material, called slag, was also removed from the furnace via this arch.
When the furnace was in operation the area in front of this arch was enclosed in a large building called the casting shed. The low stone walls around the furnace stack are the remains of the foundations of the casting shed walls. We know from old photographs that the casting shed had two large doors: one in the front where the iron was removed and one on the side toward the Blackberry River where the slag was removed.
Furnace Hearth
This area of the furnace is where the molten iron was removed from the furnace. The restored hearth is shown cut away so that you can see the details of its construction. The small cylindrical chamber at the bottom of the furnace stack, called the crucible, is where the molten iron collected. Floating on top of this pool of iron was a layer of unwanted glasslike material called slag. The slag was drawn off and discarded in huge piles still to be seen across the river
Detail Photo on the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
2. Detail Photo on the Marker
[ caption ]
This picture shows the casting shed structure which covered the area in front of the casting arch.
This building had a sand floor which was used to make molds for the molten iron. In the picture you can see large piles of ingots (pigs) stacked in front of the door awaiting shipment.
from the furnace. Openings in the crucible were plugged with clay to hold the molten liquids in place until the furnace was tapped. The first plug was removed to drain the slag and then the second plug to release the iron. The stream of molten iron was directed to molds made in the sand floor of the casting shed where it hardened into ingots called pigs.
This furnace had a water jacket around the hearth to lengthen the life of the refractory bricks and keep the furnace in service for longer periods of time.
 
Erected 2002 by Friends of Beckley Furnace, Inc.
 
Location. 42° 0.663′ N, 73° 17.557′ W. Marker is in East Canaan, Connecticut, in Litchfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Lower Road and Furnace Hill Road, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Located at Beckley Furnace Industrial Monument. Marker is in this post office area: East Canaan CT 06024, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. What Is This Place? (here, next to this marker); Salamander (a few steps from this marker); Birth of an Industry (a few steps from this marker); Tuyere Arch (a few steps from this marker);
Detail Photo on the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
3. Detail Photo on the Marker
[ caption ]
A view of the sand-cast "pig" beds. Workers helped to direct the stream of molten iron into the molds made in the sand floor of the casting shed where it hardened into ingots called pigs.
Samuel Forbes (approx. 0.4 miles away); East Canaan Veterans Monument (approx. half a mile away); North Canaan (approx. 2 miles away); Joseph Deferari (approx. 2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in East Canaan.
 
Also see . . .  Friends of Beckley Furnace. (Submitted on April 25, 2011, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
4. Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth
The marker is in front of the casting arch and furnace hearth. The crucible which held the molten iron is at the center of the furnace. It is cut away to show the details of its construction
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 352 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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