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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Lincoln and the “Long Nine”

1836

 
 
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
1. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker
Inscription.
The delegation from Sangamon County for the 1836-1837 Session of the legislature quickly became known as the "Long Nine."

The seven representatives and two senators were all six feet or taller. Five were lawyers, three were farmers, and one was an innkeeper. Seven were originally from the South and two from the North.

The representatives included: Abe Lincoln who at age twenty-seven was the youngest of the group; John Dawson, the oldest at age forty-five, and the father of ten children; William F. Elkin who was forty-four and the father of thirteen children; Ninian W. Edwards, the aristocratic son of the former Territorial Governor Ninian Edwards, who was twenty-nine; Andrew McCormick, age thirty-five, who weighed almost three hundred pounds; Daniel Stone who was a college-educated lawyer, a native of Vermont and a former Ohio legislator; and Robert L. Wilson, thirty-one, who was a one-term member of the legislature and the father of eight children. The senators were: Job Fletcher, the father of seven children and a resident of Sangamon County since 1819, and Archer G. Herndon, a businessman, and the father of William Herndon, who later became Lincoln's law partner.

In 1836 all the members of the Long Nine were Whigs or at least "Whiggish." Party lines were still not clearly marked. This was
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
2. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Marker
Old State Capitol in background
Lincoln's second term in office. In the 1834 session of the legislature, he was a freshman representative and did not play a prominent leadership role. Since that first session, and at least partially because of his experiences at that session, he now became a much more effective politician and leader. The experiences and people that Lincoln was exposed to in Vandalia prepared him for his future role as the leader, not just of a delegation from Sangamon County, but of the whole country.

No photograph of Lincoln from the Vandalia years exists. This portrait was taken by Alexander Hesler in 1857 and used during the Lincoln-Douglas senatorial campaign of 1858.

The Long Nine, who towered over the other legislators, were united in accomplishing two goals; passing a bill for internal improvements in the state and moving the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield. They were successful in achieving both of these goals. These two political objectives served to advance their own political careers - and to give the Whig Party a higher profile in the eyes of Illinois voters.
 
Erected 2008 by Looking for Lincoln Heritage Coalition.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Looking for Lincoln marker series.
 
Location. 38° 57.682′ N,
Lincoln Portrait on "Long Nine" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Alexander Hesler, 1857
3. Lincoln Portrait on "Long Nine" Marker
Courtesy of Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
89° 5.668′ W. Marker is in Vandalia, Illinois, in Fayette County. Marker is on 4th Street near Gallatin Street, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is on the west lawn of the Old State Capitol. Marker is in this post office area: Vandalia IL 62471, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ebenezer Capps' Store (within shouting distance of this marker); First Protest Against Slavery (within shouting distance of this marker); First Elective Office (within shouting distance of this marker); Third State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Second State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Madonna of the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Where Did Lincoln Stay? (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Vandalia.
 
Also see . . .
1. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Lincoln's Years in the Illinois Legislature. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Abraham Lincoln's Long Nine Museum. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommercePoliticsSettlements & Settlers
 
Painting of Lincoln and Members of the "Long Nine" image. Click for full size.
By Lloyd Ostendorf, undated
4. Painting of Lincoln and Members of the "Long Nine"
Courtesy of the Long Nine Museum
Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Rubbing Medallion image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., April 10, 2011
5. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" Rubbing Medallion
Looking For Lincoln Story Trail Logo image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
6. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail Logo
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 850 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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