Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Ebenezer Capps’ Store
The store of Ebenezer Capps was located just north of this site at the northeast corner of Main and Fourth streets.
The location of Main street is not the same today as when Lincoln was here. Vandalia existed long before the coming of railroads. When the St. Louis, Vandalia and Terre Haute Railroad was constructed, it ran down what had been Main Street under an easement from the city of Vandalia. Capps Store likely stood in the middle of what is now Main Street.
Ebenezer Capps arrived in Vandalia in the late 1820's. He was granted a grocery license by the Fayette County court of commissioners in 1828. Members of the legislature would have frequented his establishment. It is said that Ebenezer Capps bought everything anyone had for sale and sold everything from a needle to an elephant. For many years, Capps' market quotations set the price of commodities from Vandalia all the way to New Orleans. This store served as the site for a celebration by the Long Nine in February of 1837 after they were successful in passing legislation removing the capital to Springfield.
Supporters of Vandalia attempted on several occasions to reverse the February 1837 vote. The last such effort was a meeting held in Vandalia in July 1838.
Some historians suspect there was a connection between the removal
Ebenezer Capps operated one of the largest wholesale and retail establishments in Illinois during the time that Vandalia served as the state capital.
Erected 2008 by Looking for Lincoln Heritage Coalition.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Looking for Lincoln marker series.
Location. 38° 57.697′ N, 89° 5.674′ W. Marker is in Vandalia, Illinois, in Fayette County. Marker is at the intersection of 4th Street and the railroad cut south of Main Street, on the right when traveling north on 4th Street. Click for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lincoln and the "Long Nine" (within shouting distance of this marker); First Elective Office (within shouting distance of this marker); First Protest Against Slavery (within shouting distance of this marker); Second State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Third State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Robert K. McLaughlin Home (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland Road (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Madonna of the Trail (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Vandalia.
Also see . . .
1. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Ebenezer Capps Bio in 1876 History of Sangamon County, Illinois. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 448 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.