Upperville in Fauquier County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Unison
Foiling the Trap
After the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia escaped to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln repeatedly urged Union Gen. George B. McClellan to pursue and attack. Following a plan that Lincoln devised to trap Lee's army in the Shenandoah Valley, McClellan finally got his Army of the Potomac moving. On November 1, Union cavalry Gen. Alfred Pleasonton began leading the advance from Philomont toward Upperville. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry delayed him for three days. On November 5, learning that Lee's army had evaded the trap and reached Culpeper County, Lincoln ordered McClellan relieved of command.
On Monday, November 3, 1862, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's 900 troopers and 12 guns were stretched thinly over a two-mile-long line across the fields in front of you. Beyond Stuart's line, Union Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, with 4,000 men and 18 guns, approached from the north. As Stuart described the scene, "About 9 A.M. the enemy advanced on our new position with cavalry, infantry and artillery, moving simultaneously by all the roads and fords."
Stuart's line held tenaciously almost all day but was finally breached by a successful infantry attack on his right flank. He and his men, pursued by Union cavalry, retreated in a wild gallop across the fields just in
The next year, as Lee marched through the Shenandoah Valley to invade Pennsylvania, Stuart and Pleasonton fought again here. Once more, Stuart successfully screened Lee's army from Pleasonton's cavalry.
Ida Dulany watched the day's action from Oakley Plantation, about half a mile to your right. She wrote in her diary, "We could see from the location of the batteries that they approached us. ... Soon there were no more Southerners in sight and the house was surrounded by Yankees. ... We watched the battery pouring out shells against our battery which was in the vineyard. ... The shells from both batteries burst in full sight of us."
Erected 2011 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. Click for map. The marker on Vineyard Hill, in Upperville Park. The park is located across the highway from Ivy Hill Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Upperville VA 20184, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Upperville (here, next to this marker); Lee Moves North Again (approx. 1.1 miles away); Battle of Upperville (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Upperville (approx. 1.4 miles away); Attack at Goose Creek Bridge (approx. 2.8 miles away); Rector House (approx. 3.6 miles away); Rector’s Crossroads (approx. 3.6 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 3.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Upperville.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 825 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.