Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Lincoln As A Polished Politician
On December 5, 1836 Abraham Lincoln attended the opening session of the Tenth Gereral Assembly in Vandalia. This session was held in a new building just recently completed by the citizens of Vandalia to serve as the State Capitol. It was located in the middle of the public square on the north side of Gallatin Street between Third and Fourth Street. The people of Vandalia had constructed this building in hopes of keeping the state capital in Vandalia. The former capitol on Fourth Street had been poorly constructed and was in need of repair almost from the start. The Fourth Street building ws demolished and some of the materials were reused in constructing the new capitol. The building you see before you is that capitol.
Lincoln was joined by eight other members of the legislature from Sangamon County. They were to become known as the “long nine,” since they were all over six feet tall. One of their chief objectives for this session was to move the state capital to Springfield. They also wanted to pass a bill providing for a system of internal improvements. Lincoln and the other members of the Long Nine were successful in achieving both of these goals.
Less than twenty years before, in March of 1819, six commissioners meeting in Kaskaskia picked Vandalia to become the new state capital. The
The Building that Lincoln and the other legislators entered on that December day in 1836 looked substantially different from the building of today. That building did not have the back or front porticoes. The cupola at the at the top of the building was octagonal and featured a rounded roofline. Since the building was made of brick, it was not originally painted white as it is today. Workmen had just completed the building, so the plaster was still wet. The interior was said to be humid and damp.
Erected 2008 by Looking For Lincoln Heritage Coalition.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Looking for Lincoln marker series.
Location. 38° 57.661′ N, 89° 5.607′ W. Marker is in Vandalia, Illinois, in Fayette County. Marker is on Kennedy Boulevard (3rd Street) (U.S. 40/51) near Gallatin Street, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is on the east lawn of the Old State Capitol. Marker is in this post office area: Vandalia IL 62471, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Internal Improvements (within shouting distance of this marker); Third State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Ernst Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); Sitting with Lincoln (within shouting distance of this marker); Unorthodox Romance (within shouting distance of this marker); First Protest Against Slavery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cumberland Road (about 300 feet away); Madonna of the Trail (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Vandalia.
Also see . . .
1. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail. (Submitted on May 17, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Springfield, the Law, and the Whig Party, 1837-1843. (Submitted on May 17, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Charity & Public Work • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 528 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. 6. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.