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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad

 
 
The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
1. The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker
Inscription. These are the remains of the Centreville Confederate Military Railroad built in the fall and early winter of 1861 for the purpose of transporting supplies to the field armies of Generals Pierre G. T. Beauregard and Joseph Johnston. The railroad ran approximately six miles, from Manassas Junction, crossing Bull Run, to a point on the Centreville Plateau.

The unusually cold and rainy autumn of 1861 turned roads into impassable quagmires of mud. In order to supply the 40,000 troops who went into winter quarters in Centreville in October, General Johnston decided to build the six mile railroad spur to connect with the railroad lines at Manassas Junction. By the first week of January 1862 a map of the period shows the railroad complete between the Junction and its Centreville terminus.

The Centreville Military Railroad, as it became known, was the first railroad in the world built by the military for expressly military purposes. It was used to keep men and animals supplied and allowed the Confederate army to hold the strong position on the Centreville Heights until it withdrew from the area in March 1862.

The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad is a Fairfax County Historic Site.
 
Location. 38° 48.747′ N, 77° 27.366′ W. Marker is in
The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
2. The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker
Centreville, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Compton Road (Virginia Route 658), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centreville VA 20121, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Blackburnís Ford (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Blackburnís Ford (approx. 0.7 miles away); Military Railroad Terminus (approx. 1.3 miles away); Wilmer McLeanís Yorkshire (approx. 1.4 miles away); McLean Farm (Yorkshire Plantation) (approx. 1.4 miles away); Wilmer McLean after the Civil War (approx. 1.5 miles away); First Battle of Manassas (approx. 1.5 miles away); Retreat From Manassas (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Centreville.
 
More about this marker. The bottom of the marker features a sketch captioned An artist's drawing of Manassas Junction.
 
Also see . . .
1. Centreville Military Railroad. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Submitted on May 21, 2011.) 

2. The Centreville Military Railroad. CentrevillePatch article by Mike Conway. (Submitted on May 21, 2011.) 
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 
A plaque at the base of marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
3. A plaque at the base of marker

Centreville Confederate
Military Railroad Park


Dedicated to the memory of
Golder and Bessie O'Neill
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 849 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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