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Oyster Bay in Nassau County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Culper Spy Ring

Revolutionary War Heritage Trail

 
 
The Culper Spy Ring Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 28, 2011
1. The Culper Spy Ring Marker
Inscription.
General George Washington created a domestic network of spies, appointing Major Benjamin Tallmadge of Setauket as the head of the Long Island based Culper Spy Ring. Tallmadge appealed to Robert Townsend, a Manhattan merchant, to join him as a spy by collecting vital information about British movements in New York City.

The Townsends’ large Oyster Bay home, now known as Raynham Hall Museum, was being used as a British headquarters. Using the code name Samuel Culper, Jr., Townsend wrote coded messages to Washington, Tallmadge and the other members of the Culper Spy Ring to convey the information he gathered.

George Washington wrote the following about Culper Jr.: His accounts are intelligent, clear and satisfactory . . . I rely upon his intelligence.”   Through their brave, risky and well executed efforts, they were able to quickly gather and relay secret information which enabled George Washington to make informed decisions.

[ Sidebar: ]
Next to a map of the Culper Spy Ring depicting Manhattan, Queens County on Long Island, Long Island Sound, coastal Connecticut and Westchester County:
1. New York City:  Robert Townsend, alias Culper, Jr., gathered information about British troop movements.
2. Oyster Bay:   The Townsends’ home was headquarters for the Queen’s Rangers.
3.
The Culper Spy Ring Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 28, 2011
2. The Culper Spy Ring Marker
Setauket:   Austin Roe visited Townsend to gather intelligence and forwarded it to Abraham Woodhull.
4. Connecticut:   Caleb Brewer picked up coded messages from Woodhull, and ferried them across the Sound to Major Benjamin Tallmadge.
5. Westchester County:   Tallmadge delivered these messages from the Culper Spy Ring to General Washington.
 
Erected by New York State.
 
Location. 40° 52.337′ N, 73° 31.913′ W. Marker is in Oyster Bay, New York, in Nassau County. Marker is on W Main Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20 W Main Street, Oyster Bay NY 11771, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Raynham Hall Museum (here, next to this marker); The great chain hoax . . . . (here, next to this marker); Raynham Hall (a few steps from this marker); Matinecock Lodge (within shouting distance of this marker); Fortified Hill (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); End of An Era (about 500 feet away); Theodore Roosevelt (about 500 feet away); Oyster Bay Honor Roll (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Oyster Bay.
 
More about this marker. Three pictures appear on the marker: A picture of Robert
Marker on W Main Street image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 28, 2011
3. Marker on W Main Street
The Culper Spy Ring marker can be seen behind the fence on the left.
Townsend drawn by his nephew Dr. Peter S. Townsend in 1813 (from the Collection of Friends of Raynham Hall, Inc.); a picture of The Townsend Homestead drawn by Benjamin Lossing, c. 1800; and a portrait of Major Benjamin Tallmadge by John Trumbull c. 1783.
 
Also see . . .
1. Raynham Hall Museum website. (Submitted on May 29, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Culper Gang. Spy Letters of the American Revolution. (Submitted on May 29, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Raynham Hall image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 28, 2011
4. Raynham Hall
This house, the home of American spy Robert Townsend, was used by Col. John Simcoe as headquarters during the British occupation of Oyster Bay during the winter of 1778-79.
Raynham Hall Parlor image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2015
5. Raynham Hall Parlor
This room was used by Col. John Simcoe during the British occupation of Oyster Bay.
Bedroom in Raynham Hall image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2015
6. Bedroom in Raynham Hall
Col. Simcoe slept in this room when he made Raynham Hall his headquarters. At another time, it was occupied with British Maj. John Andre, who conspired with Benedict Arnold.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,123 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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