Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charleston in Kanawha County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The 35th Star

* * *
West Virginia Statehood

 
 
The 35th Star Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
1. The 35th Star Marker
Inscription. Sectional differences in western and eastern Virginia fueled resentment and political divisions before the Civil War. The divisions soon became irrevocable after the convention in Richmond voted on April 17, 1861, for Virginia to secede and join the Confederacy. Far to the north of here, Wheeling, delegates of Virginia's western counties convened in June. They first reorganized and restored the loyal government of Virginia, and then subsequently decided to create a new, loyal state from Virginia's western counties. In the midst of the conflict, President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill creating West Virginia. On June 20, 1863, West Virginia became the only state born of the Civil War.
   Wheeling became the state capitol - but not for long. In 1870, the seat of government moved south to Charleston after former Confederates regained the right to vote. Lawmakers, however, concidered Charleston isolated and provincial (with a population of only 3,162), so the capitol returned to Wheeling, which had 19,280 residents. A statewide referendum eventually settled the issue, and Charleston became the permanent capitol in 1885.

Salt industry pioneer Daniel Ruffner built the house behind you in 1815 as a tavern or "house of private entertainment." It was ideally situated on a well established transportation
(Lower left picture) West Virginia Capitol, completed 1885, burned 1921 image. Click for full size.
The 35th Star Marker,Courtesy West Virginia Archives
2. (Lower left picture) West Virginia Capitol, completed 1885, burned 1921
route, the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. By the time of the Civil War, this area (including the present capitol complex) was part of his estate called Holly Grove.

Civil War- and Military-Related Statuary on Capitol Grounds;
Union Soldier (West Virginians in Union service), SW corner
Lincoln Walks at Midnight (Creation of West Virginia),S riverfront lawn
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson (Confederate soldiers),SE corner
Montani Semper Liberi (Men and Women of the Union), NE corner
Booker T. Washington (Famed African American Educator), N side
War Veterans Memorial, between Culture Center and parking garage


(Lower left picture)
West Virginia Capitol, completed 1885, burned 1921 Courtesy West Virginia Archives
(Right side picture)
U.S. Custom House (Independence Hall), Wheeling, in 1861 Courtesy West Virginia Archives
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 20.175′ N, 81° 36.975′ W. Marker is in Charleston, West Virginia, in Kanawha County. Marker is on Kanawha Blvd East (U.S. 60) near Greenbrier Street, on the right when traveling
(Right picture), U.S. Custom House (Independence Hall), Wheeling, in 1861 image. Click for full size.
The 35th Star Marker, Courtesy West Virginia Archives, May 18, 2011
3. (Right picture), U.S. Custom House (Independence Hall), Wheeling, in 1861
east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston WV 25311, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); Executive Mansion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Union Civil War Monument (about 700 feet away); Abraham Lincoln Walks At Midnight (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named State Capitol (approx. 0.2 miles away); "The West Virginia Coal Miner" (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named State Capitol (approx. 0.2 miles away); Booker Taliaferro Washington (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Charleston.
 
Categories. Notable Events
 
The 35th Star Marker, seen along Kanawha Blvd. E. image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
4. The 35th Star Marker, seen along Kanawha Blvd. E.
Holly Grove, as mentioned, image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
5. Holly Grove, as mentioned,
Salt industry pioneer Daniel Ruffner built the house in 1815 as a tavern or "house of private entertainment."
as mentioned, Union Soldiers Statue on Capitol Grounds image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
6. as mentioned, Union Soldiers Statue on Capitol Grounds
as mentioned, Montani Semper Liberi (Men and Women of the Union) image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
7. as mentioned, Montani Semper Liberi (Men and Women of the Union)
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson (Confederate soldiers) Statue, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
8. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson (Confederate soldiers) Statue, as mentioned
Lincoln Walks at Midnight statue, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
9. Lincoln Walks at Midnight statue, as mentioned
Booker Taliaferro Washington Monument, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, circa 1999
10. Booker Taliaferro Washington Monument, as mentioned
War Veterans Memorial, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 18, 2011
11. War Veterans Memorial, as mentioned
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 583 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   10. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   11. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement