Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Payne’s Farm
The Worm Fence
“The skirmishers in the center of my line being upon the crest of a hill and directly in line of fire from both lines, I ordered them to fall back upon our line of battle and reform in its rear.” — Capt. Charles H. Stewart, 2nd Virginia Infantry, CSA
Exhilarated by their first taste of battle, the men of Union Gen. Joseph B. Carr’s division advanced to this position and pushed back the strong Confederate skirmish line on top of this rise. With the arrival of Col. J. Warren Keifer’s brigade, the Federals assembled a formidable line in the woods along the worm fence. From this position, they beat back two Confederate assaults. When Carr’s men were almost out of ammunition, elements of Gen. David B. Birney’s division advanced and held the line until the battle’s end.
The third brigade of Carr’s division under the command of Col. Benjamin F. Smith became greatly disorganized while moving through the tangled brush and timbers and into the low
Erected 2011 by The Civil War Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 20.183′ N, 77° 49.5′ W. Marker is in Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) east of Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603). Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 31334 Zoar Road, Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Mine Run Campaign (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Locust Grove.
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph with the caption, "In his 1900 book, Slavery and Four Years of War, Col. J. Warren Keifer proudly stated that while his command suffered 172 killed and wounded, not a single man was captured or missing. Keifer was brevetted to brigadier general in 1864 for gallant and meritorious service in the Shenandoah Valley. — Courtesy Army Heritage and Education Center"
On the right is a map of the battlefield with the caption, "As Union forces gained the worm fence along this ridge, the Confederates were wheeling into position across the field in front of you and preparing to charge."
On the lower right is a portrait with the caption, "Col. Matthew Roberts McClennan, 138th Pennsylvania Infantry, was one of six officers
Also see . . .
1. Mine Run. Civil War Trust (Submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Mine Run. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 555 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.