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Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Payne’s Farm

The Worm Fence

 
 
The Battle of Payne’s Farm CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, June 6, 2011
1. The Battle of Payne’s Farm CWT Marker
Inscription. “We gained a slight rise in the land behind an old worm fence. The enemy had fallen back under cover of a piece of woods well in our front. Soon they came out in splendid battle array, with waving banners, and charged our position. It was a desperate effort to dislodge us.” — Sgt. John R. King, 6th Maryland Infantry, USA

“The skirmishers in the center of my line being upon the crest of a hill and directly in line of fire from both lines, I ordered them to fall back upon our line of battle and reform in its rear.” — Capt. Charles H. Stewart, 2nd Virginia Infantry, CSA

Exhilarated by their first taste of battle, the men of Union Gen. Joseph B. Carr’s division advanced to this position and pushed back the strong Confederate skirmish line on top of this rise. With the arrival of Col. J. Warren Keifer’s brigade, the Federals assembled a formidable line in the woods along the worm fence. From this position, they beat back two Confederate assaults. When Carr’s men were almost out of ammunition, elements of Gen. David B. Birney’s division advanced and held the line until the battle’s end.

The third brigade of Carr’s division under the command of Col. Benjamin F. Smith became greatly disorganized while moving through the tangled brush and timbers and into the low
Union Col. J. Warren Keifer image. Click for full size.
2. Union Col. J. Warren Keifer
ground of a miry creek, known as Russell’s Run, several hundred yards to your left. The fire of Confederate skirmishers convinced Smith that he was outflanked. He pulled his men back to a position of safety and, with the exception of a single regiment, did not engage the Southerners.
 
Erected 2011 by The Civil War Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 20.183′ N, 77° 49.5′ W. Marker is in Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) east of Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603). Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 31334 Zoar Road, Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away);
Troop alignments across the open fields on Payne's Farm image. Click for full size.
3. Troop alignments across the open fields on Payne's Farm
a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Payne’s Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Mine Run Campaign (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Locust Grove.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph with the caption, "In his 1900 book, Slavery and Four Years of War, Col. J. Warren Keifer proudly stated that while his command suffered 172 killed and wounded, not a single man was captured or missing. Keifer was brevetted to brigadier general in 1864 for gallant and meritorious service in the Shenandoah Valley. — Courtesy Army Heritage and Education Center"

On the right is a map of the battlefield with the caption, "As Union forces gained the worm fence along this ridge, the Confederates were wheeling into position across the field in front of you and preparing to charge."

On the lower right is a portrait with the caption, "Col. Matthew Roberts McClennan, 138th Pennsylvania Infantry, was one of six officers
Union Col. Matthew Roberts McClennan image. Click for full size.
4. Union Col. Matthew Roberts McClennan
whom Carr singled out in his official report for “cool, intrepid and gallant conduct” on the field. McClennan was wounded in the foot late in the action and forced to leave the field. — Courtesy Army Heritage and Education Center"
 
Also see . . .
1. Mine Run. Civil War Trust (Submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Mine Run. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
West edge of the open field image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, June 6, 2011
5. West edge of the open field
Open fields on Payne's farm image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, April 30, 2011
6. Open fields on Payne's farm
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 534 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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