Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Gibbs v. Broome, et al/1931 Courthouse
27 Courthouse Square
óRockvilleís African American Heritage Walking Tour ó
Should you receive the same pay for doing the same work? William B. Gibbs, teacher and principal of the Rockville Colored Elementary School, thought so, but he had to take the issue to court.
African American teachers had to meet the same qualifications as their White peers but received only half the salary. Gibbs petitioned the Board of Education for equal pay, but the Board denied his petition. Gibbs filed a suit in Montgomery County Circuit Court in 1936.
NAACP attorneys Thurgood Marshall (who later became the nationís first African American Supreme Court Justice) and Charles Houston (then Vice Dean of Howard University Law School) represented Mr. Gibbs. County School Superintendent Edwin Boome settled out of court, phasing in equal pay over a two-year period. The year after the case was filed, William Gibbs was fired from the Montgomery County School System.
Erected by City of Rockville Historic District Commission, Dept. of Community Planning and Development Services. (Marker Number 2.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland, Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour marker series.
Location. 39° 5.038′ N, 77° 9.102′ W. Marker Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Red Brick Courthouse (here, next to this marker); Rockville (here, next to this marker); Montgomery County Court House (a few steps from this marker); 1891 Red Brick Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Gettysburg Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Court House Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men (within shouting distance of this marker); Hungerford Tavern (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Rockville.
Also see . . . African American Heritage Walking Tour - Site 2. "...the courthouse is significant in African American history as the site of many important events and trials in Rockville and Montgomery County dealing with segregation, civil rights, and equal employment opportunities. One case demonstrates the fight African Americans had on their hands achieving some of these basic rights. ... Although not plainly stated to be a result of the lawsuit, William B. Gibbs was fired the year following his case against the Board of Education on a technicality." (Submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Notable Events • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 840 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.