“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Nokesville in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


Union Jack over Dixie

Greenwich Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
1. Greenwich Marker
Inscription. Although several engagements occurred nearby, Greenwich escaped unscathed, in part because of the creative actions of resident Charles Green, an Englishman. Green flew the British flag over his Carpenter's Gothic Home, The Lawn, built in 1855 (burned 1924). Three years later, he donated land for Greenwich Presbyterian Church. During the war, when Union troops threatened to appropriate it for a hospital, Green claimed it was neutral British property for use only as a church. The Federals relented and left it untouched.

Both Union and Confederate forces passed by here several times in 1862-63. On August 27, 1862, just before the Second Battle of Manassas, Federal divisions under Gens. Jesse Reno and Isaac Stevens, as well as Col. Orlando Poe's brigade, bivouacked here. They marched to Manassas Junction the next day in pursuit of Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's force.

Federal cavalry chased Maj. John S. Mosby's rangers through Greenwich on May 30, 1863, after he raided Catlett Station. Mosby made a stand two miles west with a lightweight mountain howitzer but lost the cannon and several rangers including Bradford Smith Hoskins, a former British officer. Hoskins, carried to The Lawn, died of his wounds and was buried in the church cemetery.

Confederate Gens. A.P. Hill and Richard S. Ewell led their corps
Bristoe Station Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
2. Bristoe Station Campaign Map
Of note the base of the movements on this map (where the red and blue arrows originate), is the vicinity of Auburn, where Confederate cavalry under Gen. J.E.B. Stuart found his command between several columns of the Federal forces on the night of October 13-14, 1863. Ewell's Corps had been diverted to assist Stuart on the morning of the 14th.
through Greenwich on October 14, 1863, pursuing the Union army as it withdrew toward the defenses of Washington. Because Hill occupied the direct road to Bristoe Station, Ewell diverted his column to a farm road he new well, past his childhood home, Stony Lonesome. Hill's attack on the Union rear at the station resulted in a bloody Confederate defeat.

Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 45′ N, 77° 38.875′ W. Marker is near Nokesville, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is at the intersection of Vlint Hill Road (State Road 215) and Burwell Road (County Route 604), on the right when traveling south on Vlint Hill Road. Click for map. Located in front of the Greenwich Presbyterian Church. Marker is in this post office area: Nokesville VA 20181, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Stony Lonesome Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named “Greenwich” (a few steps from this marker); Grapewood Farm Engagement (approx. 2.2 miles away); Buckland Mills Battle
The Town of Greenwich image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
3. The Town of Greenwich
(approx. 2.5 miles away); Buckland (approx. 2.6 miles away); Warrenton Cemetery (approx. 2.6 miles away); Battle of Buckland Mills (approx. 2.6 miles away); Campaign of Second Manassas (approx. 2.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Nokesville.
More about this marker. A map on the lower left shows the movements pertaining to the Bristoe Station campaign. On the right is a photograph of Greenwich Presbyterian Church (courtesy Prince William County Public Library System, R.E.L.I.C. Room). On the lower right are portraits of Charles Green, Gen. A.P. Hill, Gen. Richard S. Ewell, and Maj. John S. Mosby.
Additional comments.
1. Mosby's Cannon
The cannon, used with great effect during the Catlett Station raid on May 30, 1863. It was used to destroy a supply train as it arrived at the station. Then as Mosby was pressed by Federal pursuit in the withdrawal, the rifle was placed along the road on a rise where it could fire down a defile. The Federal cavalry of the 1st Vermont and 5th New York charged four times, until the gun was out of ammunition and abandoned.
Grave of Bradford Smith Hoskins image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
4. Grave of Bradford Smith Hoskins
Inscription reads:
memory of
Bradford Smith Hoskins,
son of
the Reverend W.E. Hoskins,
Rector of Chiddingstone,
Kent, England.
Late Captain
in Her Britannic Majesty's
Fourth-Fourth Regiment.
He fell near this place
AE XXX Years
But the stand had enabled Mosby to escape, although suffering 20 wounded and six dead.

Hearing of the loss of the gun, balanced against the destruction of the supply train, General J.E.B. Stuart would remark that Mosby should feel welcome to sell a gun for such a high price any time.

The gun was one of a limited batch produced at Tredegar Foundry in Richmond. It was purchased by the 5th New York's post of the Grand Army of the Republic after the war. Oddly in 1872, two inches of bronze was cut off the muzzle to make a key presented to the Grand Duke Alexis of Russia. Today the old weapon resides at the 45th Infantry Division Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
    — Submitted December 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

Categories. War, US Civil
Mosby's Retreat from Catlett Station image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
5. Mosby's Retreat from Catlett Station
Along this stretch of Rogues Road (CR 602), Mosby retreated from Catlett Station on May 30, 1863. At a rise along the road, Mosby placed his small mountain rifle and held off Federal pursuit for a time. This photo was taken from what was the rear gate to Vlint Hill Farm Station U.S. Army Base. The base has been deactivated and turned over, in part, to Fauquier County.
Graves of Unknown Soldiers image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
6. Graves of Unknown Soldiers
On the grounds of the former Vlint Hill Farms Station U.S. Army post is a mass grave for several unknown soldiers.
Greenwich Presbyterian Church image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
7. Greenwich Presbyterian Church
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,074 times since then and 157 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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