Green Bay in Brown County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
In 1820, as a defensive move,
—Fox River Trail —
Fort Howard commander Colonel Joseph Smith moved the garrison to near this location, about a half-mile back from the shore. The high ridge on which the camp, dubbed “Camp Smith,” was located provided good visibility and protection from disease - both advantages over the prior location of the fort (on the west side of the Fox River and three miles to the north). The new establishment was short-lived: in 1822, Colonel Pinkney took command of the fort, and the War Department ordered the garrison to move back to Fort Howard.
Meanwhile, a small settlement had grown up to serve Camp Smith that was known as “Shantytown.” After the soldiers had gone, Shantytown remained. The community, which stretched from about where Heritage Hill is now to Allouez Avenue, may have been the first American settlement west of Lake Michigan. It contained the region's first post office, which shared space with postmaster Robert J. Irwin Jr.'s general store. Shantytown remained the center of trade and business in the area for for the next 10 to 15 years. The settlement was located in what is now the village of Allouez.
Henry Baird, a lawyer and politician, moved here in 1824 and became the first lawyer to practice in Wisconsin. Baird served as Green Bay's mayor from 1861 to 1862. His wife, Elizabeth, later wrote
Although the original buildings and homes of Shantytown are no longer standing, the legacy lives on in the names of city streets and parks.
Location. 44° 29.06′ N, 88° 1.872′ W. Marker is in Green Bay, Wisconsin, in Brown County. Marker can be reached from Riverside Drive (Wisconsin Route 57) north of Allouez Avenue. Click for map. Located on the Fox River Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Green Bay WI 54301, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Redemptorist Church in America (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Episcopal Mission in Wisconsin (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Port & the Environment (approx. 0.6 miles away); Minahan's Tomb (approx. 0.7 miles away but has been reported missing); Menomineeville, Seat of Justice (approx. 0.7 miles away); The Catholic Bark Chapel Heritage Hill State Park (approx. ¾ mile away); Hazelwood (approx. 1.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Green Bay.
More about this marker. On the lower left is a 2008 photo by Jim Dockendorff "Camp Smith Marker at Heritage Hill" and on the right a photo of "Elizabeth Baird" courtesy of Heritage Hill State Historical Park
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . . Fox River Trail. (Submitted on June 27, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. This page has been viewed 821 times since then and 7 times this year. Last updated on , by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.