Abilene in Dickinson County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
At the end of the Civil War when millions of longhorns were left on the plains of Texas without a market, the Union Pacific was building west across Kansas. Joseph McCoy, an Illinois stockman, believed these cattle could be herded north for shipment by rail. He built yards at Abilene and sent agents to notify the Texas cattlemen. In 1867 the first drives were made up the Chisholm trail and during the next five years more than a million head were received. Abilene became the first of the wild cattle towns where gambling places, saloons, and dance halls competed for the cowboys' wages. Gun fights were frequent and several peace officers resigned. The first to bring order was Tom Smith. More famous was "Wild Bill" Hickok who became known as the deadliest two gun marshal on the Western frontier."
President Dwight D. Eisenhower lived in Abilene from 1891 to 1911. The Eisenhower home and museum are open to the public.
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 30.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. 38° 54.645′ N, 97° 12.729′ W. Marker is in Abilene, Kansas, in Dickinson County Click for map. Marker is adjacent to the south side of the 1887 Rock Island Railroad depot, at Old Abilene Town, near Buckeye Avenue (Kansas Route 15) and S.E. 6th Street. Marker is in this post office area: Abilene KS 67410, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rock Island Depot (a few steps from this marker); T.C. Henry Carriage House (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dwight David Eisenhower (about 700 feet away); Eisenhower Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Honor Roll of Dickinson County Servicemen (approx. 0.2 miles away); Abilene Parker Carousel (approx. 0.2 miles away); D. G. Smith Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Old Chisholm Trail (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Abilene.
Also see . . .
1. Abilene, Kansas. (Submitted on June 29, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Abilene History. (Submitted on June 29, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Animals • Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 545 times since then and 100 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.