Inscription. Col. John T. Toland of the 34th Regiment Mounted Ohio Volunteer Infantry leading Federal cavalrymen, marched from Tazewell County, and raided Wytheville during the evening of 18 July 1863. Confederate troops under Maj. Thomas M. Bowyer and local citizens fortified in buildings at first withstood the attack, killing Toland. After the Confederates withdrew, Federal forces burned several buildings. After learning that Confederate troops were situated at present day Rural Retreat, the federals left Wytheville early the next morning initially headed north towards Walker Mountain.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2011
|1. Toland’s Raid Marker|
Erected 2005 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number KC-4.)
Location. 37° 2.74′ N, 81° 13.642′ W. Marker is near Wytheville, Virginia, in Wythe County. Marker is at the intersection of Stony Fork Road / South Scenic Highway (U.S. 52) and Old Mountain Road (County Route 621), on the right when traveling south on Stony Fork Road / South Scenic Highway. Click for map. Marker is at Big Walker Mountain Lookout. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8711 Stony Fork Rd, Wytheville VA 24382, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, as the crow flies. Wythe County / Bland County (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Wytheville (within shouting distance of this marker); One of the “Big Four” (approx. 2.2 miles away); Henry C. Groseclose (approx. 6.7 miles away); Bland (approx. 6.9 miles away); Site of James Burke’s Garden (approx. 7.8 miles away); Crockett’s Cove (approx. 8.9 miles away); Burke’s Garden (approx. 9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Wytheville.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2011
|2. Toland’s Raid and County Line Markers|
|The observation tower at the Big Walker Lookout General Store is in the distance.|
More about this marker. This marker replaced a 1932 marker with the same title and number that read, “Over this pass, Union cavalry under Colonel John T. Toland raided to Wytheville to destroy the Virginia and Tennessee railway (N.& W.), July, 1863. Mary Tynes, a girl of the neighborhood, rode ahead to warn the people. When the raiders reached Wytheville, they were repulsed by the Home Guards and Toland was killed.”
Also see . . . Civil War Heroine Molly Tynes. Unlike the original marker, the new one makes no mention of Molly Tynes. Her story is on this link. “As the legend goes, Molly learned about the Union plans and decided to risk a harrowing ride across several mountain ranges to warn Wytheville’s townspeople of the Yankee approach.
So it was Molly left home late in the afternoon on July 17, 1863, on her mare, ‘Fashion,’ rode more than 40 miles over mountain ranges, through historic Burke’s Garden and finally across Big Walker Mountain, and arrived in Wytheville at about dawn the next day, July 18, to exclaim, ‘Yankees are coming’.” (Submitted on July 4, 2011.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on July 3, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 403 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on July 3, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. 2. submitted on July 4, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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