“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Brandy Station in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Battle of Brandy Station

The Race for Fleetwood Hill

The Battle of Brandy Station Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
1. The Battle of Brandy Station Marker
Inscription. Here the old Carolina Road crosses the southern part of Fleetwood Hill, some of the highest ground in the area. On the slope ahead of you Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown (J.E.B.) Stuart, commander of Robert E. Lee's cavalry, pitched his headquarters tents on the evening of June 8, 1863. Nearby stood the Henry Miller House, known as Fleetwood. The Confederates used the name "the Battle of Fleetwood Hill" for the conflict now known as the Battle of Brandy Station.

Stuart was surprised when word came of a Federal attack on his outposts at Beverly Ford at first light on June 9. He sent his headquarters wagons off to Culpeper Court House and responded swiftly to Brig. Gen. John Buford's Union challenge. The strong line Stuart established near St. James Church began pushing back the Federals by late morning.

But a second surprise - and near disaster - arrived about 11 a.m. Another Union division, 2,200 men under Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg, had crossed the river at Kelly's Ford with minimal opposition and appeared in Stuart's rear. A quick-thinking Confederate staff officer opened fire with a solitary cannon from the crest of Fleetwood Hill on the Federal troopers exiting the village of Brandy Station. Meanwhile, couriers dashed off to Stuart, then a mile away near St. James Church. Stuart acted decisively. Pulling his regiments from
Help Preserve Brandy Station image, Click for more information
2. Help Preserve Brandy Station
Click here for details on CWPT's efforts.
Click for more information.
the St. James Church area, he sent them galloping for Fleetwood Hill.

It was a race for the high ground, but Stuart's men reached the grassy crest before Gregg's. Pouring down on the other side, the Confederates hit Col. Percy Wyndham's Union cavalry brigade hard, blunting the first Federal attack.

The Hallowell Foundation generously contributed toward the interpretation of this site in memory of Carrington Williams.
Help Preserve Battlefields call CWPT at 1-888-606-1400
This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinion, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
Location. 38° 30.45′ N, 77° 53′ W. Marker is near Brandy Station, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker is on Fleetwood Heights Road (County Route 685), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located on the Civil War Preservation Trust's Fleetwood Hill exhibition area for the Battle of Brandy Station. Marker is in this post office area: Brandy Station VA 22714, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other
The Fleetwood Hill Overlook Stop Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain
3. The Fleetwood Hill Overlook Stop
Part of Col. Wyndham's forces crossed the Old Carolina Road (modern day CR 685) near this point and approached the crest of Fleetwood Hill.
markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named The Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (approx. mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (approx. mile away); The 1863-64 Winter Encampment (approx. half a mile away); In Memory of Major John Pelham (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (approx. 1.4 miles away); St. James Episcopal Church (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Brandy Station.
More about this marker. On the right side of the marker "The valiant charge of the 35th Virginia Cavalry is depicted in The Gray Comanches by Don Troiani, courtesy of Historical Art Prints, Ltd."
Regarding The Battle of Brandy Station. This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Brandy Station and the winter encampments of 1863-64 in Culpeper County. See the Battle of Brandy Station Virtual Tour by Markers linked below for additional related markers.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Brandy Station. National Park Service summary of the
Beauregard or Barbour House Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
4. Beauregard or Barbour House
General Robert E. Lee observed a portion of the battle from the Barbour House (on the hill in the center) to the west of Fleetwood Hill. In the open fields in the foreground, Federal and Confederate cavalry charged and counter-charged in this phase of the battle.
battle includes a driving tour. (Submitted on December 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Brandy Station Foundation. Through the efforts of the Brandy Station Foundation, Civil War Preservation Trust, and other organizations, over 960 acres of this battlefield have been preserved. (Submitted on December 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Brandy Station. Civil War Preservation Trust page on the battle. (Submitted on December 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Battle of Brandy Station Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863, and the Winter Encampment of 1863-64. Note the order of appearance is geographic and not chronologically aligned to the battle. (Submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Stuart's Final Line Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
5. Stuart's Final Line
Pressed by Buford and Gregg, Stuart formed his final line along Fleetwood Hill. While Brig. Gen. William "Grumble" Jones' Brigade raced to the crest of Fleetwood Hill (out of frame to the right), Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton's Brigade fell back to the side of the hill to the north of the Carolina Road (high ground in the background of this photo). Beckham's artillery was quickly repositioned along the hillside to fire upon the Federals as they attacked the hill.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,144 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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