Gloucester Courthouse in Gloucester County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Gloucester in the Civil War
Target of a Raid
"I went into the Court House. The window sashes and frames, doors and shutters, tables and stoves, and witness boxes were all immediately battered to pieces by an excited and frantic crowd [of soldiers]. ... Several employed in dragging the refuse to the fire place where a fire had already been build from the debris. ... [The hotel] was deserted and the boys took everything of value as lamps, etc. ... [A]ll the stores were broken open, and ... not less than five were on fire including the Court House but were put out." - Lt. Samuel Rodmand Smith, 4th Delaware Infantry, Apr. 11, 1863. Smith received the Medal of Honor for leadership under fire near Petersburg in Feb. 1865.
On April 7, 1863, a detachment of the 4th Delaware Infantry, three companies of the 169th Pennsylvania Drafted Militia, and detachments from the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry and the 6th New York Cavalry occupied Gloucester Court House for two hours. The force, under the 4th Delaware's Col. Arthur H. Grimshaw, had marched from Camp Gilpin at Gloucester Point, 16 miles southeast, to destroy grain,
Gloucester survived its brush with war, and the buildings were repaired. In 1889, the Confederate monument was erected in the square. A memorial to county native Pvt. James D. Gardner, 36th U.S. Colored Troops, who received the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm in 1864, was placed here in 2005.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 24.889′ N, 76° 31.763′ W. Marker is in Gloucester Courthouse, Virginia, in Gloucester County. Marker can be reached from Main Street (Business U.S. 17), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located in the courthouse square. Marker is in this post office area: Gloucester VA 23061, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Court House (here, next to this marker); In Memoriam John Clayton (here, next to this marker); Pvt. James Daniel Gardner (a few steps from this marker); To the Confederate Dead of Gloucester (a few steps from this marker); Thomas Calhoun Walker (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cappahosic (approx. 0.4 miles away); Gloucester Courthouse (approx. half a mile away); Indian Princess Pocahontas (approx. half a mile away).
Additional keywords. U.S.C.T.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 602 times since then and 114 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.