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Near Culpeper in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Cedar Mountain

The Federal Attack Reaches Its Climax

 
 
The Battle of Cedar Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
1. The Battle of Cedar Mountain Marker
Inscription. The fighting turned desperate and many combatants struggled hand-to-hand. Some of Crawford's Federal soldiers passed completely behind the 21st Virginia and entered the road near the Confederate artillery line. Confederate soldier John Worsham of the 21st Virginia noted, "I have heard of a 'hell spot' in some battles, this was surely one." He continued, "A great dread filled me for Jackson, because I had seen him at this spot only a moment before." "Stonewall" Jackson was in peril, in the thick of the fight, and it seemed that his command was on the verge of being defeated. However the Federal commander did not send in reinforcements quickly enough, and the Union attack lost its momentum along the Crittenden Lane. Jackson rallied his men and received timely reinforcements from A.P. Hill. By about 6:30 p.m. Banks' Federals were in retreat and Jackson's men were counterattacking and on their way to victory.

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Friends of Fredericksburg Area Battlefields - www.fofab.org

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.
Civil War Preservation Trust image. Click for more information.
2. Civil War Preservation Trust

 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust
Friends of Fredericksburg Area Battlefields.
 
Location. 38° 24.448′ N, 78° 3.939′ W. Marker is near Culpeper, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Dove Hill Road (County Route 642) and James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at the third trail stop for the Civil War Preservation Trust's Cedar Mountain Battlefield walking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Culpeper VA 22701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); 46th Pennsylvania Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cedar Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (approx. mile away); Hand-to-Hand Fighting (approx. mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Culpeper.
 
More about this marker.
Map of the Battle at the Phase Described on the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
3. Map of the Battle at the Phase Described on the Marker
The background of the marker is a photo showing "Officers of the 10th Maine stand in the middle of the wheatfield (in front of you) where their regiment stood and fought. This photo, taken a few days after the battle, still shows evidence of the fighting that took place there." On the right a map shows the tactical situation on August 9, 1862 between 6:45 and 7:30 p.m. "As Jackson rallied his men in the woods behind you, A.P. Hill's division arrived on the scene. Hill's men launched a counterattack that sent the Federals in full retreat."
 
Regarding The Battle of Cedar Mountain. Since posting of this marker, the Friends of the Fredericksburg Area Battlefields web site has moved to www.parksonline.org/fofab/index.htm.

This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Cedar Mountain. See the Battle of Cedar Mountain Virtual Tour by Markers linked below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Cedar Mountain. National Park Service summary of the battle and driving tour. The marker is at the first tour stop. (Submitted on December 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Account of the 27th Indiana Infantry in the Battle. The regiment was part of General Gordon's Brigade which fought on the far right side of the Federal line. The 27th is one of
Third Trail Stop at Cedar Mountain image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
4. Third Trail Stop at Cedar Mountain
Six small unit cornerstones stand in a row beside the marker.
those regiments that has been documented by markers on several occasions. The unit is cited as finding "Lee's Lost Order" near Frederick, Maryland. There is also a monument to the unit at Chancellorsville. The regiment was transfered to Georgia in 1864 and fought in the Atlanta campaign. (Submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of Cedar Mountain Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862. (Submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Unit Marking Stones image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
5. Unit Marking Stones
The six marking stones indicate the presence of several units at this point on the battlefield. The closest to the camera is inscribed "7th O" for the 7th Ohio Infantry regiment. The second is "66th O" for the 66th Ohio Infantry. The third with "109 PA" indicates the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fourth is labeled "Bests Bal" in reference to Captain C. L. Best's Federal artillery. The fifth is "No 20 Penn Ca" which may reference the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry which was engaged here. Last in line is "Knapps Bal" designating Captain J.M. Knapp's Federal artillery.
Crawford's Advance image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
6. Crawford's Advance
Looking northeast from the marker's location. Between 5:45 and 6:15 in the afternoon, Crawford's Brigade advanced from the high ground beyond Dove Hill Road against the Confederates line, mostly composed of Winder's (Stonewall) Division. Crawford's advance was on the west side of and generally parallel to the Orange and Culpeper Road. From east to west the regiments engaged were the 5th Connecticut, 28th New York, 46th Pennsylvania, and the 3rd Wisconsin. The 46th Pa Infantry entered the tree line behind the left flank of the 1st Virginia Battalion, thus turning the Confederate position.
Collapse of the Confederate Line image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 22, 2007
7. Collapse of the Confederate Line
Looking to the south from the marker. At the time of the battle this rise was heavily wooded. With three surges, Crawford managed to drive Garnett's Brigade back. In the course of these attacks, the Federal brigade had turned ninety degrees and then began advancing to the east on Crittenden Lane. As a result, the Confederate artillery in the area of the gate limbered and retreated. In addition the Confederate brigades of Taliaferro (who was now commanding Winder's Division) and Early were forced to fall back, lest they too be flanked by Crawford.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,562 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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