Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestinian Territories — The Middle East
(Arabic inscription precedes English inscription)
The oldest church in use, the Nativity Church is home to the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Byzantine Queen Helena inaugurated the construction of a Basilica at the Nativity in 339 A.D. at the site where the Roman Emperor Hadrian had built a shrine dedicated to Adonis. The Basilica was destroyed and rebuilt by Emperor Justinian in 531 A.D. and reinforced to its present fortress shape by Tancrea in 1169 A.D. During Ottoman rule, the main entrance was reduced to the existing small door in order to prevent horsemen from entering the church while riding.
The whole complex includes Greek and Armenian monasteries, the Church of Saint Catherine, the cloister of Saint Jerome; in the basement of the Basilica are monastic caves, and the Grotto of the Nativity.
Location. 31° 42.256′ N, 35° 12.44′ E. Marker is in Bethlehem, West Bank. Marker can be reached from Wad Ma'Ali Street south of Manger Road. Click for map. Marker is in the courtyard, on the north wall of the church/basilica. It is accessible east of Manger Square and Wad Ma'Ali Street, between Manger Road on the north and Milk Grotto Street/Route 3686 on the south. Marker is at or near this postal address: Manger Square, Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestinian Territories.
Other nearby markers. Ketef Hinnom (approx. 7.4 kilometers away in Israel); Latin Dedicatory Inscription (approx. 7.6 kilometers away in Israel); The Pool of Shiloah (Siloam) (approx. 7.8 kilometers away in Israel); The Water System (approx. 8.1 kilometers away in Israel); The House of Ahiel (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Burnt Room and the House of the Bullae (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Large Stone Structure (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Royal Quarter (Area G) (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel).
Also see . . .
1. Church of the Nativity. (Submitted on July 17, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Bethlehem Municipality. (Submitted on July 17, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Roman Catholic; Greek Orthodox; Armenian Apostolic; Basilica; Manger Square; Pilgrims
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • Notable Places • Politics •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,342 times since then and 554 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.