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Woolford in Dorchester County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Anna Ella Carroll

Unofficial Cabinet Member

 
 
Anna Ella Carroll Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, November 4, 2007
1. Anna Ella Carroll Marker
Inscription. Anna Ella Carroll was born on Maryland's Eastern Shore in 1815. Often called an unofficial member of President Abraham Lincoln's cabinet, she was a Unionist author and newspaper reporter who had traveled extensively throughout the South and Midwest before the Civil War. Among her most popular books were The War Powers of the General Government (1861) and The Great American Battle (1856). Just before the war, she journeyed through the Midwest and noted the importance of the rivers and the railroads as a strategic link to the resources of the region. In 1861, her contacts at the War Department encouraged her to tour the upper Mississippi River valley and report on conditions there. While in St. Louis, she met with Mississippi River pilots who described the river and its major tributaries. With this information, Carroll developed outlines for a Federal campaign into the South on the Tennessee River and sent a detailed plan to the War Department. In 1862-63, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant took his army up the Tennessee River and captured several key forts and transportation junctions; among them was the fortified town of Vicksburg. The seizure of the railroads and water-transportation facilities of the Tennessee Valley was one of the keys to the eventual success of the United States. Carroll was never officially recognized for her contributions
Emancipation Proclamation image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, undated
2. Emancipation Proclamation
Francis Bicknell Carpenter's 1864 painting, First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln, shows an empty chair purportedly representing Anna Ella Carroll's influence in the cabinet.
to military strategy during the war, but she received a small pension many years later. She died on February 19, 1894.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 29.989′ N, 76° 10.03′ W. Marker is in Woolford, Maryland, in Dorchester County. Marker is at the intersection of Taylors Island Road (Maryland Route 16) and Old Trinity Church Road, on the right when traveling east on Taylors Island Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woolford MD 21677, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Trinity P.E. Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Walk the Old Trinity Heritage Trail (approx. 0.3 miles away); Finding Freedom (approx. 0.8 miles away); Treaty Oak (approx. one mile away); Malone's Church-Ties that Bind (approx. 2.8 miles away); Madison-Preparing for Freedom (approx. 3.1 miles away); Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge-Taking Refuge from Slavery (approx. 4.5 miles away); Welcome to Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge (approx. 4.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Woolford.
 
More about this marker. On the right is a portrait
Laura Era's "Maryland" version (2010) of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 30, 2011
3. Laura Era's "Maryland" version (2010) of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation
- with Anna Ella Carroll seated in the "empty" chair of Francis Bicknell Carpenter's 1864 version.
captioned, "Anna Ella Carroll (1815-1894) is buried here in Old Trinity Church." On the lower left is a wartime map of Tennessee and Kentucky.
 
Also see . . .
1. Maryland State Archives webpage on Anna Ella Carroll. (Submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.)
2. Anna Ella Carroll. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.) 
 
Categories. PoliticsWar, US Civil
 
Anna Ella Carroll Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
4. Anna Ella Carroll Marker
Anna Ella Carroll image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
5. Anna Ella Carroll
Close-up of photo on marker
Anna Ella Carroll<br>Headstone image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
6. Anna Ella Carroll
Headstone

Anna Ella Carroll
Aug. 29,1815 -- Feb 19, 1893
Maryland's Most
Distinguished Lady
A great humanitarian and
close friend of Abraham Lincoln
She conceived the successful
Tennessee Campaign and
guided the President on
Constitutional war powers
Anna Ella Carroll<br>Headstone - Reverse image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
7. Anna Ella Carroll
Headstone - Reverse

This Marker placed in grateful
tribute on June 1, 1958
Maryland Society
of Pennsylvania
Anna Ella Carroll image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, September 5, 2015
8. Anna Ella Carroll
This undated portrait of Anna Ella Carroll by S. B. Peacock (after a photo) hangs the Maryland Historical Society Museum in Baltimore, Maryland.

“Anna Ella Carroll's Story is a riddle for historians. Daughter of a Maryland governor from the Eastern Shore, she had a talent for politics and war. She could ‘scheme, connive, and maneuver as well as any man.’ Freeing her slaves after Lincoln's election, she worked for the Union. Carroll was a military strategist and wrote Union propaganda but, as a woman, never received credit as an important Lincoln adviser. Was she a presidential confidante who shaped events during the war? The debate about that question continues today.” — Maryland Historical Society
Old Trinity Church - Sign image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
9. Old Trinity Church - Sign

Old
Trinity Church
1692
Sunday Worship 11:00 am
Welcome
Old Trinity Church image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 28, 2011
10. Old Trinity Church
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,590 times since then and 42 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   3. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   8. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   9, 10. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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