“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chilhowie in Smyth County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Farthest West, 1750

Farthest West, 1750 Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 29, 2011
1. Farthest West, 1750 Marker
Inscription. Near here, in 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker, on his first journey southwest, assisted Samuel Stalnaker in building his cabin. At that time his was the farthest west settlement.
Erected 1929 by Conservation & Development Commission. (Marker Number K-21.)
Location. 36° 47.835′ N, 81° 41.067′ W. Marker is in Chilhowie, Virginia, in Smyth County. Marker is on West Lee Highway (U.S. 11) just west of Whitetop Road (Virginia Route 107), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Exit 35 on Interstate 81, a couple of blocks from this marker, is Whitetop Road. Marker is at or near this postal address: 276 W Lee Hwy, Chilhowie VA 24319, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Town House (here, next to this marker); Chilhowie (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Chilhowie (approx. 0.2 miles away); Transportation Through the Ages (approx. 0.2 miles away); Sulphur Springs Church and Campground (approx. ¾ mile away); William Campbell’s Grave (approx. 2.5 miles away); Seven Mile Ford (approx. 3.4 miles away); Mrs. Eliza M. Jones (approx. 6.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chilhowie.
Also see . . .
Chilhowie and Farthest West Markers image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 29, 2011
2. Chilhowie and Farthest West Markers
 Dr. Thomas Walker’s Journal, 1750. Transcribed by Carole Hammett. Footnote 13: “...Samuel Stalnaker was probably, as his name indicates, one of the early pioneers from the Lower Shenandoah Valley or from Penn. of German descent, the family having numerous representatives in the Valley. He was doubtless a hunter and Indian trader who had visited the Cherokees and was acquainted with the route to Cumberland Gap, upon which Dr. Walker had never been or he would not have needed a guide. It was from him evidently that Dr. Walker received information as to certain localities he was about to visit, as Clinch River, Cave Gap, and other points of which as he advanced into Kentucky, he gave previous information. It was not improbable that the route from the Ohio River to the Cumberland Gap and the Cherokee country, which at that time was defined and known as ‘the Warriors Path’ was travelled by hunters and traders, and that Stalnaker was acquainted with it personally or from others. On Fry and Jefferson’s Map, 1751, Stalnaker’s settlement is put down as the extreme western habitation. ... Stalnacker’s was a noted place in colonial days. The command of Col. Wm. Byrd, III, of Westover, encamped there during the winter of 1760-1761 before proceeding to the Tennessee Country against the Cherokees. Stephen Holston’s cabin was on the head-springs of the Middle Fork of Holston River about nine miles above Stalnacker’s. Holston did not remain there long. Disposing of his ‘corn rights’—to a hundred acres for each acre planted in corn—to James Davis, Holston and a party of friends constructed canoes and passed down the river into the Tennessee, the Ohio and the Mississippi as far as Natchez. This notable adventure fixed his name to Holston River. No record of the journey exists; Holston was not a journalizer. As Walker’s Journal indicates, that stream was so called in 1750. ...” (Submitted on August 10, 2011.) 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 501 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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