Perryville in Boyle County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Battle of Perryville
October 8, 1862
The battle was brought on by Confederate Lieut. Gen. Braxton Bragg as a delaying action to insure safe withdrawal of a huge wagon train of supplies and to enable him to effect a junction with the army of Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith in the vicinity of Versailles.
In overall command of the Union Army (Army of the Ohio) was Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, with Maj. General George H. Thomas second in command. Buell had three corps. First: Maj. Gen. Alexander McDowell McCook. Second: Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Third: Maj. Gen. Charles C. Gilbert.
In overall command of the Confederate Army (Army of the Mississippi) was Gen. Bragg, with Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk commander of the Right Wing and Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee of the Left Wing. Bragg had three divisions: Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham’s; Brig. Gen. J. Patton Anderson’s; and Maj. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner’s.
The main action began at 2:00 p.m. with a fierce charge by Brig. Gen. John A. Wharton’s cavalry, on the extreme Confederate right, followed immediately by a rapid advance of Cheatham’s entire line. Simultaneously, Buckner’s and Anderson’s moved forward, amid heavy cannonading from numerous batteries on both sides.
Cheatham’s charge caught a large number of McCook’s men (many fresh enlistees) unaware and off guard,
1. Brig. Gen. James S. Jackson killed
2. Lieut. Charles C. Parson's battery
3. Capt. Cyrus O. Loomis' battery
4. Capt. Asahel K. Bush's battery
5. Brig. Gen. William R. Terrill killed
6. Dorsey House, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's hdqrs.
7. Capt. Oscar F. Pinney's battery
8. Lieut. Richard L. Dawley's battery (of Capt. William A. Hotchkiss)
9. Capt. H. C. Semple's battery
10. Capt. C. H. Slocum's Washington Artillery
11. Capt. Henry Hescock's battery
12. Capt. Charles M. Barnett's battery
13. Capt. W. W. Carnes' battery
14. Capt. P. Darden's battery
15. Last Union fight of the day under Col. Micahel Gooding
16. Crawford House, Bragg's hdqrs.
Late afternoon, Anderson’s advancing left was struck by a determined charge of Col. William P.
General Buell, headquarters at the Dorsey house on Springfield road, was not aware that the battle was in progress until 4:00 p.m., too late to have Crittenden’s corps, along Lebanon road, pivot around in an attempt to envelop the enemy forces.
After nightfall, Bragg finally realized that his small force faced practically Buell’s entire army. This knowledge caused him to order withdrawal at midnight toward Harrodsburg. On the whole, the Confederate troops were better handled and used than those of the Union. The battle ended as a tactical victory for Bragg; a strategic victory for Buell, who held the field.
The Confederate commander employed only 16,000 men and sustained 3,396 casualties; 510 killed, 2,635 wounded, and 251 missing. Buell used between 22,000 and 28,000; sustained 4,421 casualties; 845 killed, 2,851 wounded
Had Buell and Bragg been better informed and more aggressive, the battle of Perryville might have been the decisive engagement of the Civil War in the West. After this battle, the Confederates never returned to Kentucky in great force; the state remained firmly in the Union.
Erected 1962 by Kentucky Historical Society and Kentucky Department of Highways. (Marker Number 553.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kentucky Historical Society marker series.
Location. 37° 39.017′ N, 84° 57.194′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker is at the intersection of South Jackson Street and West 2nd Street (U.S. 150), on the right when traveling south on South Jackson Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Perryville KY 40468, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Merchants' Row / Street Fighting (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Perryville (about 600 feet away); Bragg's Invasion of Kentucky (about 600 feet away); The City of Perryville (about 600 feet away); “If You Meet the Enemy, Overpower Him” (about 600 feet away); Perryville (about 600 feet away); Perryville in the Crucible of War (about 600 feet away); First Settlement of Perryville (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Perryville.
Also see . . .
1. Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky State Parks
2. Perryville. Civil War Trust
3. Perryville. CWSAC Battle Summary
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 800 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.