The National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Enid A. Haupt Garden
Enid A. Haupt Garden. A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding museums. The Moongate Garden (1) next to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, draws design inspiration from the Temple of Heaven, a 15th century religious complex in China. The Victorian–style Parterre (2) extends the Castle’s grand welcome through and expansive lawn and formal plantings. The Fountain Garden (3) located beside the National Museum of African Art, was modeled after the Alhambra, a 14th Century Moorish palace and fortress in Spain.
The landscape design was a collaborative effort of Jean Paul Carlhian, FAIA, of Shepley Bulfinch Richardson and Abbott; Sasaki Associates, Inc.; and Lester Collins, FASLA.
[Map highlighting the Moongate Garden, the Parterre, the Fountain Garden and the Smithsonian facilities between the “Castle” and Independence Avenue]
The Parterre. Parterres – from the French term meaning “on or along the ground” – originated in 16th century Renaissance Italy as an ornamental garden style. The style, which defines
During the Victorian era, parterres enjoyed an exuberant revival in the United States. The Sunken Garden at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia featured a parterre whose design later inspired the Smithsonian Castle’s original parterre. Created for America’s Bicentennial, that parterre was removed in the 1980s for the construction of the underground museum complex and rebuilt as the centerpiece of the Enid A. Haupt Garden.
Photograph: "Sunken Garden, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, PA., 1876"
* Keystone View Co., B.L. Singley, 1898 (Smithsonian Institution, Horticulture Services Division, Archives of American Gardens)
For more information about the Smithsonian gardens, visit www.gardens.si.edu
Erected by the Smithsonian Institution.
Location. 38° 53.276′ N, 77° 1.559′ W. Marker is in The National Mall, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Independence Avenue, SW and 10th Street, NW. Click for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spencer Fullerton Baird (within shouting distance of this marker); Andrew Jackson Downing (within shouting distance of this marker); Original Smithsonian Institution Building (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Joseph Henry (about 400 feet away); Arts and Industries Building (about 500 feet away); Carousel on the Mall, Washington, D.C. (about 600 feet away); Earth Day Park (about 600 feet away); Federal Grain Inspection Service (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in The National Mall.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . . Enid A. Haupt dies at 99 - Philanthropist Donated Millions for Green Spaces. (Submitted on August 26, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Enid Annenberg Haupt.
Categories. • Horticulture & Forestry • Notable Persons • Notable Places •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 748 times since then and 26 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 11, 12. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on March 4, 2017.