“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Elk Mountain in Carbon County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)

Wagonhound Tipi Rings

Wagonhound Tipi Rings Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 11, 2011
1. Wagonhound Tipi Rings Marker
Inscription. The stone circles of "Tipi Rings" as this site mark the location of a prehistoric Native American campsite. The stones were probably used to anchor the skins of conical tents known by the Sioux word "Tipi". the stones were placed around the base of the tipi to hold down the skins as well as to provide additional support to the tipi in high winds. After the introduction of the metal ax, wooden pegs gradually replaced the tones for holding down the skins.

The tipi was used for shelter and sleeping. Most daily activities occurred outside the structure. A hearth in the center of the tipi was used for heat and cooking in poor weather.

In prehorse times, tipis averaged approximately 12 feet in diameter and poles used in their construction were up to 15 feet long. Eight to 12 buffalo hides were needed for the construction of a tipi. The hides of buffalo killed during the summer were preferred because they were thinner and lighter in weight. A smudge fire was built inside a new tipi, and the smoke was allowed to permeate the leather. This process waterproofed the leather and aided in its preservation.

It has been estimated that there are over 1 million tipi rings in the western United States. As such, they are one of the most common archaeological features to be found in this part of the country. The features at this area have been preserved

Tipi Rings image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 11, 2011
2. Tipi Rings
by the Wyoming Highway Department and the Office of the Wyoming State Archaeologist for your benefit. Please feel free to inspect the tipi rings up close, but do not disturb the rocks.
Location. 41° 37.883′ N, 106° 17.152′ W. Marker is in Elk Mountain, Wyoming, in Carbon County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Interstate 80 and Elk Mountain Arlington Road. Click for map. Marker is in the I80 rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Elk Mountain WY 82324, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wyoming Winds (within shouting distance of this marker); Wagonhound Rest Area (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Cherokee Trail (approx. one mile away); Old Rock Creek Stage Crossing (approx. 4.7 miles away); Overland Trail (approx. 7.4 miles away).
Categories. Native Americans
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 806 times since then and 116 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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