Denver in Denver County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Colorado Soldier's Monument
February 28, 1861
Colorado Admitted as a State
August 1, 1876
Census of Territory in 1861 - 23,331
Richard Ed Whitsitt Adjutant General
David H. Moffat, Jr. Adjutant General
Military Organizations in the Civil War
First Colorado Infantry
Later First Colorado Cavalry
Col. John P. Slough Col. John M Chivington
Second Colorado Infantry
Col Jesse H. Leavenworth
Third Colorado Infantry
Later consolidated with Second Inf. to form Second Colo. Cav.
Col. James H. Ford
Third Colorado Cavalry
Col. Geo L. Shoup
McLain's Independent Battery
Captain Tyler's Mounted Rangers
Volunteer Soldiers Credited to Colorado - 4,903
Highest average of any state or territory and with no draft or bounty
Battles and Engagements
Val Verde, N.M. 1862
Apache Canon, N.M. 1862
Pigeon's Ranch, N.M. 1862
La Cloretta, N.M. 1862
Peralta, N.M. 1862
Cabin Creek, Ind. TY. 1863
Honey Springs, Ind. TY. 1863
Camden Point, MO. 1864
Fredericksburg, MO. 1864
Little Blue, MO. 1864
Big Blue, MO. 1864
Westport, MO. 1864
Mine Creek, MO. 1864
Little Black, MO. 1864
Newtonia, MO. 1864
Trading Post, MO. 1864
Fremont's Orchard, Colo. 1864
Smokey Hill, Colo. 1864
Cedar Canon, Colo. 1864
Sand Creek, Colo. 1864
Erected 1909 by State of Colorado.
Location. 39° 44.354′ N, 104° 59.138′ W. Marker is in Denver, Colorado, in Denver County. Marker is on Sherman Street. Click for map. Located on the west steps of the Capitol. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 E Colfax Ave, Denver CO 80203, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sand Creek Massacre (here, next to this marker); Colorado State Veterans Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Loganís Memorial Day Order (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Irving Hale (about 300 feet away); Alfred Dach (about 300 feet away); Joe P. Martinez (about 400 feet away); Colorado State Capitol Time Capsule (about 400 feet away); Armenian Genocide (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Denver.
Regarding Colorado Soldier's Monument. There is a disclaimer plaque, authorized by Senate Joint Resolution 99-017,
The controversy surrounding this Civil War Monument has become a symbol of Coloradans' struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On November 29, 1864, Colorado's First and Third cavalry, commanded by Colonel John Chivington, attacked Chief Black Kettle's peaceful camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians on the banks of Sand Creek, about 180 miles southeast of here. In the surprise attack, soldiers killed more than 150 of the village's 500 inhabitants. Most of the victims were elderly men, women, and children.
Though some civilians and military personnel immedately denounced the attack as a massacre, others claimed the village was a legitimate target. This Civil War Monument, paid for by funds from the Pioneers' Association and the State, was erected on July 24, 1909, to honor all Colorado soldiers who had fought in battles of the Civil War in Colorado and elsewhere. By designating sand creek a battle, the monument's designers mischaracterized the actual events. Protests led by some Sand Creek descendants and others throughout the twentieth century have since led to the widespread recognition of the tragedy as the Sand Creek Massacre.
Also see . . .
1. Colorado State Capitol Virtual Tour. (Submitted on January 15, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
2. Colorado State Archives, Colorado Volunteers, 1861-1865. "Colorado became a territory just a few weeks before the firing on Fort Sumter signaled the official beginning of the Civil War. Although sentiments were somewhat divided in the early days of the war, Colorado was a Union territory. When President Lincoln called for volunteer soldiers to supplement the regular army, Colorado responded." (Submitted on January 15, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
3. Colorado Civil War Casualties Index. Three of the four markers on this monument list Colorado Soldiers who died in the Civil War, by unit. This link is an alphabetical listing of those soldiers. (Submitted on January 15, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Christopher Light of Valparaiso, Indiana. This page has been viewed 4,379 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on , by Christopher Light of Valparaiso, Indiana. 2. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Christopher Light of Valparaiso, Indiana. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on July 6, 2016.