Constitution Island in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Revolutionary War Constitution Island
The defense of the Hudson River against British ships was an important task of the Revolutionary Army. The riverís sharp bend and strong currents at this point made Constitution Island well located for this purpose.
Construction on Fort Constitution began in late 1775 but was halted three months later upon realization of the fortís many shortcomings. Work on the island fortifications was transferred to Marine, Hill Cliff, and Gravel Hill Batteries, better sited for firing down river. The major defense of the Hudson was shifted five miles south to Forts Montgomery and Clinton, where a chain was placed across the river. Those forts and the Constitution Island fortifications were destroyed in October 1777 during British operations on the Hudson. This British force, advancing up river to aid Burgoyneís army invading from Canada, returned to its New York City base after learning of Burgoyneís surrender at Saratoga.
In 1778, taking advantage of commanding high ground, determined patriots built new Hudson fortifications at West Point. From there a great chain and boom stretched across the river to Constitution Island, where two river batteries and three redoubts were constructed. This West Point garrison, including Constitution Island, was never attacked.
The number of soldiers on Constitution Island varied from approximately
Location. 41° 24.064′ N, 73° 57.079′ W. Marker is in Constitution Island, New York, in Orange County. Click for map. Marker is located on Constitution Island, near the boat dock. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fortress West Point (here, next to this marker); The Great Chain (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Great Chain (within shouting distance of this marker); Anna B. Warner Memorial Garden (within shouting distance of this marker); Marine Battery (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hill Cliff Battery (about 400 feet away); The Warner House (about 400 feet away); Fort Constitution Area (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Constitution Island.
Also see . . . The Revolutionary War on Constitution Island. The Constitution Island Association website. (Submitted on September 24, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
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