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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Springfield in Sangamon County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Old State Capitol

 
 
Old State Capitol Marker image. Click for full size.
By Angie Shaffer, January 19, 2008
1. Old State Capitol Marker
Inscription. The Old State Capitol was the fifth Statehouse in Illinois history. The building served as Capitol from 1839 to 1876. Its cornerstone was laid during ceremonies held July 4, 1837.

During the 1840s and 1850s the building dominated Springfield's square and became a center of public life. Benefit dinners and other civic affairs took place in its rooms. The Legislative Chambers were the scene of frequent political meetings. Cultural programs often accompanied Legislative sessions, which attracted citizens from throughout Illinois to the Capitol City.

Abraham Lincoln frequented the building from 1839 until he departed in 1861 to assume the Presidency. As a lawyer, he often practiced before the Illinois Supreme Court. Lincoln delivered several important speeches, including the 1858 "House Divided" address in Representatives' Hall. The Governor's room served as his informal headquarters during the 1860 Presidential Campaign. In 1865 citizens paid their last respects to the assassinated President in Representatives' Hall before burial at Oak Ridge Cemetery.

In 1875, a new Statehouse replaced the Old State Capitol which became the Sangamon County Courthouse. Legislation passed in 1961 led to the State's purchase and reconstruction of the building to its Lincoln-era appearance. The three-year project was completed in 1969.
Marker inside fence of Old State Capitol image. Click for full size.
By Angie Shaffer, January 19, 2008
2. Marker inside fence of Old State Capitol

 
Erected 1991 by The Illinois State Historical Society and the Illinois Department of Transportation.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Illinois State Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 39° 48.043′ N, 89° 38.889′ W. Marker is in Springfield, Illinois, in Sangamon County. Marker is at the intersection of South Sixth Street and East Adams Street, on the left when traveling north on South Sixth Street. Click for map. The Old State Capitol is surrounded on 3 sides by one-way streets; the 4th "street", East Adams, is closed off to traffic and is considered the Old State Capitol Plaza. Marker is in this post office area: Springfield IL 62701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lincoln Boys in 1854 (a few steps from this marker); Streetscape 1859 (a few steps from this marker); Cook's Hall (a few steps from this marker); Corneau & Diller Drug Store (a few steps from this marker); Lincoln's Springfield (within shouting distance of this marker); In Their Springfield Prime (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices
North side of Old State Capitol image. Click for full size.
By Angie Shaffer, January 6, 2008
3. North side of Old State Capitol
(within shouting distance of this marker); The Bath & Barber Shop (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Springfield.
 
More about this marker. The marker is located inside the fence surrounding the Old State Capitol on the southeast side of the lot.
 
Regarding Old State Capitol. In February 2007, Senator Barack Obama announced his candidacy for the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Describing his working life in Illinois, and symbolically linking his presidential campaign to Abraham Lincoln's 1858 House Divided speech, Obama said: "That is why, in the shadow of the Old State Capitol, where Lincoln once called on a house divided to stand together, where common hopes and common dreams still live, I stand before you today to announce my candidacy for President of the United States of America."
 
Also see . . .
1. Video Tour of State Capital. The entire Illinois State Government was run out of this building. Across the street is where Lincoln practiced Law. Tours both locations. (Submitted on June 12, 2008, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 

2. Travel with Lincoln. Climb into Lincolnís buggy and take a trip
Stairway up to Senate and House Chambers image. Click for full size.
By Angie Shaffer, January 19, 2008
4. Stairway up to Senate and House Chambers
Stairs lead to what is known as the 5th floor, one flight up, due to underground exhibits
with Lincoln and his fellow lawyers on the job traveling Illinois as Circuit Lawyers. See all the Lincoln Circuit Markers (and a surprise or two), in the order of his travels while a member of the Circuit of the Eighth Judicial District (of Illinois) during 1847-1857. Use the “First >>” button in the upper right to see these markers in sequence, starting from Springfield. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 
 
Categories. LandmarksNotable BuildingsNotable PersonsPatriots & PatriotismPolitics
 
Representatives' Hall image. Click for full size.
By Angie Shaffer, January 19, 2008
5. Representatives' Hall
Old Illinois State Capital Building image. Click for full size.
By Al Wolf, October 4, 2008
6. Old Illinois State Capital Building
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois. This page has been viewed 2,365 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois.   6. submitted on , by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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