“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Camden in Kershaw County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

The British Army

The British Army Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
1. The British Army Marker
Inscription. Lord Rawdon commanded less than 950 men at Hobkirk’s Hill. The majority were American Loyalists in the Volunteers of Ireland (140), the King’s American Regiment (160), New York Volunteers (160), the South Carolina Royalists (130), and Major John Coffin’s dragoons (60). There was also a company of 40 Loyalist riflemen.

The British 63rd Regiment numbered 180 men, and Rawdon combed the hospital at Camden for another 50 soldiers whom he considered well enough to fight. They were formed into a company designated “Convalescents.”

A detachment of the Royal Artillery with two six-pounder cannon supported Rawdon’s troops.
Location. 34° 16.01′ N, 80° 36.081′ W. Marker is in Camden, South Carolina, in Kershaw County. Marker is on Kirkwood Lane, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Camden SC 29020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle of Hobkirk Hill (here, next to this marker); The American Army (a few steps from this marker); Capt. Robert Kirkwood (1756-1791) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Hobkirk's Hill (about 400
Overview image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
2. Overview
feet away); Fruitless Victory (approx. 0.2 miles away); The British Attack (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Daring Plan (approx. ¼ mile away); Struggle for the Hill (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Camden.
Additional comments.
1. Lieutenant Colonel Francis, Lord Rawdon (1754 - 1826)
Lord Radon went south to the Siege of Charleston with reinforcements, then Lord Cornwallis posted him at Camden (16 August 1780) as the British sought to occupy South Carolina. Rawdon commanded the British left wing at the Battle of Camden. When Cornwallis went into Virginia, he left Rawdon in effective command in the south.
Perhaps his most noted achievement was the victory in 1781 at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, where in command of only a small force, he defeated by superior military skill and determination, a much larger body of Americans rebels. Thinking, (in error) that Nathanael Greene had moved his artillery away, Rawdon attacked Greene's left wing, forcing the Americans to retire.
However, Rawdon was forced to begin a gradual retreat to Charleston, relieving the siege of Ninety-Six,
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
3. Picture on the marker
“Six Pound Cannon” by Michael Ticcino, MJ Ticcino Images
but then evacuating it and withdrawing to Charleston. When the Loyalists he saved in the Siege of Ninety-Six were eventually relocated to Nova Scotia, they named their community of Rawdon, Nova Scotia after him. In July 1781, in poor health, he gave up his command. He was captured at sea, by De Grasse, but was exchanged. He was awarded the freedom of the city of Dublin in recognition of his service in America. After Rawdon's departure the decision was made to evacuate Charleston as the war drew to a close.
    — Submitted October 13, 2011, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina.

Categories. War, US Revolutionary
Lord Rawdon image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
4. Lord Rawdon
Engraved by Stanier, c. 1791, after Joshua Reynolds’s painting. Courtesy of South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina
British Soldier Reenactors image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
5. British Soldier Reenactors
225th Anniversary of Battle of Camden, Photo by Major Lansdale Williams, USMC (ret.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 379 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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