Louisa in Louisa County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Louisa Court House
You are standing in the historic town of Louisa Court House (now Louisa). During the Civil War, the Virginia Central Railroad passed through this county seat. The main street became the Gordonsville Road (Rte. 22/33) at the western end of town. The Marquis Road (Rte. 669), named for the Marquis de Lafayette, crossed the railroad several blocks northwest of here.
On June 7, 1864, Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan headed west from Cold Harbor with two of the Army of the Potomac's cavalry divisions. His mission was to destroy the Virginia Central Railroad junctions at Gordonsville, Cobham Station, and Charlottesville, unite with Gen. David Hunter's army, and return to the Army of the Potomac by way of the James River. During Sheridan's absense, the Army of the Potomac slipped across the river to invest the critical crossroads town of Petersburg.
Two days after Sheridan departed, Gen. Robert E. Lee sent two divisions of cavalry under Gen. Wade Hampton of South Carolina to intercept the raiders and protect Confederate supply lines. About 6,400 troopers with 15 pieces of horse artillery pursued Sheridan's 9,400-man force across Virginia. Both sides suffered from central Virginia's drought and heat wave. By taking a shorter route, Hampton reached Louisa Court House ahead of Sheridan on June
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 1.488′ N, 78° 0.198′ W. Marker is in Louisa, Virginia, in Louisa County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street (U.S. 33) and Elm Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Louisa VA 23093, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Patrick Henry's Home (here, next to this marker); John Mercer Langston Birthplace (within shouting distance of this marker); Historic Louisa (approx. 0.3 miles away); Hugh Hammond Bennett (1881-1960) (approx. 0.3 miles away); Oakland Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); Decisive Confederate Victory (approx. half a mile away); First Contact (approx. 1.2 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2359 (approx. 3.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Louisa.
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits
Regarding Louisa Court House. This is one of several markers interpreting the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. See the Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers linked below for additional related markers.
Also see . . .
1. Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation. The Courthouse is the first stop on a driving tour of the battlefield produced by the foundation. Over 1600 acres of this battlefield have been preserved through the efforts of the foundation and other preservation organizations. (Submitted on January 19, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Battle of Trevilian Station Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864. The order of appearance is generally aligned to the National Parks Service and Trevilian Station Foundation driving tours. (Submitted on January 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Trevilian Station Preservation Efforts (Submitted on November 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,212 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.