“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Camden in Kershaw County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

British Commanders

British Commanders Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
1. British Commanders Marker
Inscription. Lieutenant General Charles, Lord Cornwallis (1738 - 1805)

Lord Cornwallis, a member of one of Englandís most prominent noble families, began his military career in 1756. He distinguished himself during the Seven Yearís War (1756 - 1763). At the start of the American Revolution, Cornwallis held the rank of major general. He served in the South Carolina, New York, and New Jersey campaigns of 1776, the Philadelphia campaign of 1777, and at Charleston in 1780.

In June 1780 he assumed command of British forces in the South. He won battles at Camden in August 1780 and at Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina, in March 1781, but that October he was forced to surrender to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia.

Lieutenant Colonel Francis, Lord Rawdon (1754 - 1826)

The son of a noble Irish family, Lord Rawdon entered the British army in 1771. He fought in the June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill, and served in the New York, New Jersey, and Hudson River Highlands campaigns of 1776 - 1777. In 1778 he was appointed colonel of a provincial regiment, the Volunteers of Ireland.

Rawdon participated in the 1780 siege of Charleston commanded the left wing of the British army at Camden that August. Headquartered at Camden, Rawdon exercised field command of British forces in South Carolina from
Overview image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
2. Overview
January to August 1781, when illness forced him to return to England.

Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton (1754 - 1833)

Son of the mayor of Liverpool, England, Tarleton joined the British army in 1775. He participated in the South Carolina and New York campaigns of 1776, and that December played a key role in capturing American Major General Charles Lee. Tarleton served in the 1777 Philadelphia campaign and in 1778 assumed field command of a Loyalist unit, the British Legion, with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

He won several small battles during the 1780 siege of Charleston. On May 29, 1780, Tarleton crushed American forces at the Waxhaws, South Carolina, and was accused of perpetrating a massacre. He fought successfully at Camden but was routed at the Battle of Cowpens in January 1781. Tarleton served until he was taken prisoner at Yorktown.
Location. 34° 14.003′ N, 80° 36.207′ W. Marker is in Camden, South Carolina, in Kershaw County. Marker can be reached from Broad Street. Click for map. Located in the Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site. Marker is in this post office area: Camden SC 29020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. American Commanders (here, next to this marker); Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
3. Picture on the marker
“General Charles, First Marquis and Second Earl Cornwallis, Commander of British Forces” by Werner Willis, 1996, Werner Willis Fine Art.
(here, next to this marker); African Americans Choose Sides (within shouting distance of this marker); War in the Backcountry (within shouting distance of this marker); Citizen - Soldiers (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Fortified Post (about 300 feet away); Palisade Wall (about 400 feet away); Camden - Strategic Key (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Camden.
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
4. Picture on the marker
Engraved by Stanier, ca 1791, After Joshua Reynolds Painting. Courtesy of South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
5. Picture on the marker
"Lieutenant Colonel Francis Sir Banastre Tarleton, Beau Sabreur of the British Legion" by Werner Willis, 1990, Werner Willis Fine Art.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 561 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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