Rocky Mount in Nash County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Erected 2011 by North Carolina Office of Archives and History. (Marker Number E-118.)
Location. 35° 56.855′ N, 77° 47.805′ W. Marker is in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, in Nash County. Marker is at the intersection of Franklin Street (U.S. 301 S.) and McDonald Street, on the right when traveling south on Franklin Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rocky Mount NC 27804, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jim Thorpe (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Harold Bascom Durham, Jr. (about 600 feet away); Thelonious Monk (approx. 0.3 miles away); Miss Anna Easter Brown (approx. 0.3 miles away); Douglas Franklin Davis (approx. half a mile away); Dr. Junius Daniel Douglas 1874-1973 (approx. 0.6 miles away); Martin Luther King Jr. (approx. 0.6 miles away); This Bell (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Rocky Mount.
Regarding Operation Dixie. In the summer of 1946, nearly 10,000 tobacco “leaf house” workers in eastern
The labor protest and organization campaign followed the 1943 effort that took place at R. J. Reynolds factories in Winston-Salem. The 1946 campaign differed in that it not only focused on labor rights, but also resulted in important strides in civil rights for African Americans. Efforts were made by the union organizers to increase black voter registration and to instigate political action against segregation within the leaf houses. Nearly ten years before the Montgomery bus boycott, black workers in eastern North Carolina worked for civil rights through “unionism.” As one participant recorded, “We’re not just an organizing campaign, we’re a social revolution.” And another, “It wasn’t just wages we wanted, but freedom.”
While the movement began with the TWIU-AFL organizing locals and securing contracts in six leaf houses in Wilson and one in Rocky Mount in the summer of 1946, the first official union election, which was won by the
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Labor Unions •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 654 times since then and 123 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.