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Camden in Kershaw County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Old Camden Courthouse and Gaol

 
 
Old Camden Courthouse and Gaol Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
1. Old Camden Courthouse and Gaol Marker
Inscription. On this site stood the original Camden District Courthouse and gaol (jail), built in response to increased lawlessness in the South Carolina backcountry. Construction was completed in 1771 and the first term of criminal court convened shortly afterward. The jail stood across the Great Wagon Road (Waxhaw Road) from the courthouse. The first courthouse was probably a one-room wooden building which burned in 1779. The two stories and basement of the brick jail housed criminals and runaway slaves. During the American Revolution both sides confined prisoners here, including teenaged future president Andrew Jackson, who was captured by the British in April 1781. The British fortified the jail in the summer of 1780 and burned it when they evacuated Camden in May 1781. Both the courthouse and jail were rebuilt on the same sites after the war. The second jail burned in 1812 and was replaced by the public market. The second courthouse was replaced in 1825 by the Greek-revival style building designed by architect Robert Mills.

“For the apprehending and bringing to Gaol, A. Westbury, who burnt the Courthouse and set fire to the Gaol ~ $100 Dolls.” Expense Claim of Joseph Kershaw, March 11, 1789
 
Location. 34° 14.33′ N, 80° 36.389′ W.
Overview image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
2. Overview
Marker is in Camden, South Carolina, in Kershaw County. Marker is on Broad Street, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Milledgeville GA 31061, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gaol (within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel Joseph Kershaw's Tomb (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nothwest Redoubt (approx. mile away); Northeast Redoubt (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Common (approx. 0.3 miles away); Maj. Gen. Baron Johann de Kalb's Original Gravesite (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Southern Campaign, Dec 1778 - Aug 1780 (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Southern Campaign, Aug 1780 - Apr 1781 (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Camden.
 
Categories. Notable Events
 
Front view of Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
3. Front view of Courthouse
View of the Courthouse from the South image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
4. View of the Courthouse from the South
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 368 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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