Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Chippawa in Niagara Region, Ontario — Central Canada
 

Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1

Background to a Battle

 
 
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
1. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker
Inscription. On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. Since 18 June 1812, when the United States declared war on Great Britain, a small force of British Regulars, Canadian Militia and Native Warriors had turned back seven American invasions of Canada.

On 3 July 1814, Major General Jacob Brown, commanding a well trained force of 4,500 troops, crossed the Niagara River from Buffalo, New York and quickly captured Fort Erie. The next day, Brown ordered Brigadier General Winfield Scott to take his brigade and the U.S. Dragoons (1400 men) north, along the River Road and secure the bridge over the Chippawa (Welland) River, 2.5 kilometers (1.5 miles) north of this spot. Scott pushed the rear guard of the British forces along the river road, only to find the bridge destroyed and the British forces in a strong position on the north side of the river at Fort Chippawa. He returned to Street's (now Ussher's) Creek to camp for the night. Just before midnight, Scott was joined by Major General Brown who was followed by Brigadier General Eleazer Wheelock Ripley's Second Brigade of U.S. Regulars with the U.S. Artillery (1,200 men) and Brigadier General
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
2. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker
Close-up view of the map on the historical marker.
Peter B. Porter's 3rd Brigade of state militia and allied native warriors (500 militia and 400 warriors).

Native Warriors served along side the British forces and American forces at Chippawa. They were considered excellent reconnaissance troops and marksmen. Their fierce reputation in battle was considered an asset by commanders on both sides.
 
Erected 2001 by The Niagara Parks Commission.
 
Location. 43° 3.137′ N, 79° 1.49′ W. Marker is near Chippawa, Ontario, in Niagara Region. Marker can be reached from Niagara River Parkway just west of Edgworth Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. This historical marker is located on the Canadian side of the Niagara River, a short distance south of Chippawa, Ontario, and opposite Navy Island, in the Chippawa Battlefield Park. This historical marker is part of the Chippawa Battlefield Park Walking Tour - and is one of six Plexiglass panels, that is freestanding in a row along the northern boundary of the park, approximately 15 yards from the Chippawa Battlefield Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Chippawa, Ontario L2E 6S6, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 (here, next to this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
3. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker
Close-up view of the text on the historic marker.
(a few steps from this marker); Battle of Chippawa (a few steps from this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4 (a few steps from this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5 (within shouting distance of this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 6 (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Chippawa (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Chippawa (about 150 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Chippawa.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansWar of 1812
 
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
4. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker
Close-up view of the second section of text on the historical marker.
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
5. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 Marker
View of the historical marker and a view of the area beyond the marker where the British forces came from when they attacked the American forces.
Chippawa Battlefield Park image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
6. Chippawa Battlefield Park
View of the historic monument, along with the Chippawa Battlefield Park Walking Tour pathway - and its six Plexiglass panels.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 612 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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